Learn More
The C/EBP family of proteins represents an important group of bZIP transcription factors that are key to the regulation of essential functions such as cell cycle, hematopoiesis, skeletal development, and host immune responses. They are also intimately associated with tumorigenesis and viral disease. These proteins are regulated at multiple levels, including(More)
OBJECTIVE The efficacy of pirarubicin (THP)-COP was previously compared with cyclophophamide + doxorubicin + vincristine + prednisolone (CHOP) in elderly patients with lymphoma. The subset analysis showed that T-cell lymphoma had a significantly better response with THP-COP, whereas no such difference was observed in B-cell lymphoma. The aim of this study(More)
P-glycoprotein, encoded by the multidrug resistance (MDR)-1 gene, expels various drugs from cells resulting in drug resistance. However, its functional relevance to lymphocytes and the regulatory mechanism remain unclear. Although MDR-1 is known to be induced by various cytotoxic stimuli, it is poorly understood whether the activation stimuli such as(More)
The tumor suppressor Chk2 kinase plays crucial roles in regulating cell-cycle checkpoints and apoptosis following DNA damage. We investigated the expression levels of the genes encoding Chk2 and several cell-cycle regulators in nine cell lines from lymphoid malignancies, including three Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) lines. We found that all HL cell lines(More)
A quality of life (QOL) assessment has become increasingly common in cancer clinical trials. Seventy-four consecutive patients treated for cancer between August 2005 and January 2006 at the Cancer Chemotherapy Center in the University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Japan, were examined. The 8-Short form health survey (SF-8) was utilized as a(More)
The oncogenic Wip1 phosphatase (PPM1D) is induced upon DNA damage in a p53-dependent manner and is required for inactivation or suppression of DNA damage-induced cell cycle checkpoint arrest and of apoptosis by dephosphorylating and inactivating phosphorylated Chk2, Chk1, and ATM kinases. It has been reported that arsenic trioxide (ATO), a potent cancer(More)
In this study, we investigated the expression of six human DNA mismatch repair (MMR) genes, human MutS homologues 2 (hMSH2), 3 (hMSH3), and 6 (hMSH6), human MutL homologue 1 (hMLH1), human post-meiotic segregations 1 (hPMS1) and 2 (hPMS2), in primary leukemic cells obtained from 11 patients with acute-type adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) by using reverse(More)
Interleukin 1 (IL-1) delivers a stimulatory signal which increases the expression of a set of genes by modulating the transcription factor NF-kappaB. The IL-1 receptors are transmembrane glycoproteins which lack a catalytic domain. The C-terminal portion of the type I IL-1 receptor (IL-IRI) is essential for IL-1 signalling and for IL-1 dependent activation(More)
Binding of many cytokines to their cognate receptors immediately activates Jak tyrosine kinases and their substrates, STAT (signal transducers and activators of transcription) DNA-binding proteins. The DNA binding targets of STATs are sequence elements related to the archetypal gamma interferon activation site, GAS. However, association of interleukin 1(More)
A site located between -2782 and -2729 of the human prointerleukin-1 beta (IL1B) gene functions as a strong lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-responsive enhancer independent of the previously identified enhancer located between -2896 and -2846 (F. Shirakawa, K. Saito, C.A. Bonagura, D.L. Galson, M. J. Fenton, A. C. Webb, and P. E. Auron, Mol. Cell. Biol.(More)