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Presenilin1 (PS1), a protein implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD), forms complexes with N-cadherin, a transmembrane protein with important neuronal and synaptic functions. Here, we show that a PS1-dependent gamma-secretase protease activity promotes an epsilon-like cleavage of N-cadherin to produce its intracellular domain peptide, N-Cad/CTF2. NMDA(More)
Binding of EphB receptors to ephrinB ligands on the surface of adjacent cells initiates signaling cascades that regulate angiogenesis, axonal guidance, and neuronal plasticity. These functions require processing of EphB receptors and removal of EphB-ephrinB complexes from the cell surface, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Here we show that(More)
Chondroitin sulfate (CS)-D and CS-E, which are characterized by oversulfated disaccharide units, have been shown to regulate neuronal adhesion, cell migration, and neurite outgrowth. CS proteoglycans (CSPGs) consist of a core protein to which one or more CS chains are attached via a serine residue. Although several brain CSPGs, including mouse(More)
The functions of the presenilin-1 (PS-1) protein remain largely unknown. In adult brain PS-1 is expressed principally in neurons. However during development PS-1 is expressed more widely including in embryonic neural progenitors. To determine if PS-1 is expressed in neural progenitors in adult hippocampus we used bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling combined(More)
The presenilin (PS)/gamma-secretase system promotes production of the A beta (A beta) peptides by mediating cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the gamma-sites. This system is also involved in the processing of type-I transmembrane proteins, including APP, cadherins and Notch1 receptors, at the epsilon-cleavage site, resulting in the production(More)
The role of presenilin-1 (PS1) in neuronal phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling was investigated in primary neuronal cultures from wild-type (WT) and PS1 null (PS1-/-) embryonic mouse brains. Here we show that in PS1-/- cultures, the onset of neuronal maturation coincides with a decrease in the PI3K-dependent phosphorylation-activation of Akt(More)
Strong support for a primary causative role of the Abeta peptides in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) neurodegeneration derives from reports that presenilin familial AD (FAD) mutants alter amyloid precursor protein processing, thus increasing production of neurotoxic Abeta 1-42 (Abeta 42). This effect of FAD mutants is also reflected in an(More)
In this report we focus on the characterization of appican, the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan form of amyloid precursor protein (APP), and the role that it and other proteoglycans may play in AD. Appican is expressed by certain transformed cell lines of neural origin, namely C6 cells and N2a neuroblastomas. It is detected in both human and rat brain and(More)
To reduce damage from toxic insults such as glutamate excitotoxicity and oxidative stresses, neurons may deploy an array of neuroprotective mechanisms. Recent reports show that progranulin (PGRN) gene null or missense mutations leading to inactive protein, are linked to frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), suggesting that survival of certain neuronal(More)