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Presenilin1 (PS1), a protein implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD), forms complexes with N-cadherin, a transmembrane protein with important neuronal and synaptic functions. Here, we show that a PS1-dependent gamma-secretase protease activity promotes an epsilon-like cleavage of N-cadherin to produce its intracellular domain peptide, N-Cad/CTF2. NMDA(More)
Binding of EphB receptors to ephrinB ligands on the surface of adjacent cells initiates signaling cascades that regulate angiogenesis, axonal guidance, and neuronal plasticity. These functions require processing of EphB receptors and removal of EphB-ephrinB complexes from the cell surface, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Here we show that(More)
Chondroitin sulfate (CS)-D and CS-E, which are characterized by oversulfated disaccharide units, have been shown to regulate neuronal adhesion, cell migration, and neurite outgrowth. CS proteoglycans (CSPGs) consist of a core protein to which one or more CS chains are attached via a serine residue. Although several brain CSPGs, including mouse(More)
PS1 is important for the ␥-secretase cleavages of the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 amyloid precursor protein (APP), which results in the production of the A␤ peptide of Alzheimer's disease (AD) (De Strooper et al., 1998). Recent reports, however, show that in addition to the classic ␥-secretase cleav-Summary ages of APP defined by the C terminus of(More)
Programmed cell death, or apoptosis, has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD). DNA damage was assessed in primary cortical neurons infected with herpes simplex virus (HSV) vectors expressing the familial Alzheimer's disease (FAD) gene presenilin-1 (PS-1) or an FAD mutant of this gene, A246E. After infection, immunoreactivity for PS-1 was shown to be(More)
The functions of the presenilin-1 (PS-1) protein remain largely unknown. In adult brain PS-1 is expressed principally in neurons. However during development PS-1 is expressed more widely including in embryonic neural progenitors. To determine if PS-1 is expressed in neural progenitors in adult hippocampus we used bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) labeling combined(More)
The presenilin (PS)/gamma-secretase system promotes production of the A beta (A beta) peptides by mediating cleavage of amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the gamma-sites. This system is also involved in the processing of type-I transmembrane proteins, including APP, cadherins and Notch1 receptors, at the epsilon-cleavage site, resulting in the production(More)
Strong support for a primary causative role of the Abeta peptides in the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) neurodegeneration derives from reports that presenilin familial AD (FAD) mutants alter amyloid precursor protein processing, thus increasing production of neurotoxic Abeta 1-42 (Abeta 42). This effect of FAD mutants is also reflected in an(More)
In this report we focus on the characterization of appican, the chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan form of amyloid precursor protein (APP), and the role that it and other proteoglycans may play in AD. Appican is expressed by certain transformed cell lines of neural origin, namely C6 cells and N2a neuroblastomas. It is detected in both human and rat brain and(More)