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BACKGROUND Recently, a newly developed fast-kV switching dual energy CT scanner with a gemstone detector generates virtual high keV images as monochromatic imaging (MI). Each MI can be reconstructed by metal artifact reduction software (MARS) to reduce metal artifact. PURPOSE To evaluate the degree of metal artifacts reduction and vessel visualization(More)
When TT virus (TTV) DNA was quantitated in whole blood and plasma aliquots from 27 viremic individuals by real-time detection PCR that can detect essentially all TTV genotypes, the TTV load was 6.9 +/- 3.5 (mean +/- standard deviation)-fold higher in the whole blood than in the plasma samples [P < 0.002 (paired t test)]. To clarify the reason for this(More)
Follow-up CT angiography (CTA) is routinely performed for post-procedure management after carotid artery stenting (CAS). However, the stent lumen tends to be underestimated because of stent artifacts on CTA reconstructed with the filtered back projection (FBP) technique. We assessed the utility of new iterative reconstruction techniques, such as adaptive(More)
A new gastrointestinal mucoadhesive patch system (GI-MAPS) has been designed for the oral delivery of protein drugs. The system consists of four layered films, 3.0 x 3.0 mm2, contained in an enteric capsule. The 40 microm backing layer is made of a water-insoluble polymer, ethyl cellulose (EC). The surface layer is made of an enteric pH-sensitive polymer(More)
The retention and transit characteristics of intestinal mucoadhesive film systems have been studied after intraduodenal administration in rats. Small size four layered film preparations, 0.5x0.5 mm, were prepared, where the backing layer (45.1+/-2.9 microm thick) was made of a water-insoluble polymer, ethylcellulose (EC), the surface layer was made of(More)
The present study compares the applicability of CT carotid plaque imaging using effective Z maps using gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) with that of conventional extracorporeal carotid ultrasound (US) and virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS). We assessed stenosis in 31 carotid arteries of 30 patients. All patients underwent carotid CTA using(More)
BACKGROUND The present study compared the applicability of computed tomography carotid plaque imaging using effective Z maps with gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) to that of magnetic resonance plaque imaging using 3-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography. METHODS Stenosis was assessed in 18 carotid arteries of 14 patients, and the(More)
The aim of this study was to estimate the tube current on a cardiac computed tomography (CT) from a plain chest CT using CT-automatic exposure control (CT-AEC), to obtain consistent image noise, and to optimize the scan tube current by individualizing the tube current. Sixty-five patients (Group A) underwent cardiac CT at fixed tube current. The mAs value(More)
We evaluated the virtual monochromatic imaging (VMI) energy levels that maximize image quality of each coronary plaque component in dual-energy computed tomography angiography in 495 coronary segments (45 for each energy level). Maximal signal-to-noise ratios were different for plaque, lumen, fat, and surrounding tissue (p<0.05). Maximal contrast-to-noise(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to develop and validate an iodine density method for the quantification of myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) fraction using single-source, dual-energy computed tomography. METHODS Extracellular volume measurements were carried out in 40 subjects (20 patients with heart failure, 20 control subjects) using(More)