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Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) increases the risk of intracranial hemorrhage by gelatinase B (matrix metalloprotease-9; MMP-9) production in brain endothelial cells. It was recently reported that the free-radical scavenger edaravone significantly decreases t-PA-mediated MMP-9 production. Therefore, by using cultured brain endothelial cells(More)
The possibility of interactions between natural products/supplements and conventional prescription medicines is one of the most important issues in pharmacotherapeutic safety. Recently, we reported that some terpenoids such as (R)-(+)-citronellal and glycyrrhetic acid, which are present in herbal medicines, can act as inhibitors of P-glycoprotein(More)
Cancer cachexia is characterized by hypoalbuminemia and with the hepatic production of acute-phase proteins in response to malignant growth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of cachexia on the pharmacokinetic disposition of and clinical responses to oxycodone in cancer patients. Forty-seven Japanese patients receiving oxycodone(More)
Bromocriptine is a selective agonist for dopamine D2-receptors and is used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. In this study, we performed pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) analyses of the antiparkinsonian effect of bromocriptine and evaluated drug-induced contralateral rotations in rats in which unilateral striatal lesions had been generated(More)
Elevated serum proinflammatory cytokines are associated with the reduction of cytochrome P450 enzyme (CYP) activity. This study aimed to evaluate the oxycodone pharmacokinetics, central symptoms, and serum proinflammatory cytokines based on cachexia stage in cancer patients. Forty-seven cancer patients receiving extended-release oxycodone were enrolled.(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to develop a simultaneous determination method for tramadol and its desmethylates in human plasma using isocratic liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry and to validate it for pharmacokinetic evaluation in patients with cancer pain or non-cancer pain. METHODS The pretreatments for human plasma involved(More)
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