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Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) is approved for treatment of ischemic stroke patients, but it increases the risk of intracranial bleeding (ICB). Previously, we have shown in a mouse stroke model that stromelysin-1 (matrix metalloproteinase-3 [MMP-3]) induced in endothelial cells was critical for ICB induced by t-PA. In the present study, using(More)
BACKGROUND The pharmacokinetic variability of hydroxy-itraconazole (OH-ITZ), an active metabolite of itraconazole (ITZ), is not fully known. METHODS Oral solution of ITZ was administered in 46 immunocompromised patients as a single 200 mg dose for at least 12 days. The plasma concentrations of ITZ, active OH-ITZ, and keto-itraconazole (keto-ITZ), an(More)
Terpenoids form a large and structurally diverse family of natural products and are ingredients of various herbal medicines. We have investigated possible interactions between herbal medicines and conventional medicines, and recently reported that monoterpenoids contained in Zanthoxyli Fructus can be potent inhibitors of P-glycoprotein (P-gp). In the(More)
Fluvoxamine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor widely used in the treatment of depression and other psychiatric diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical impact of cigarette smoking on plasma fluvoxamine concentration in Japanese patients, and evaluate whether the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2 and CYP2D6 genotypes have effects on that(More)
The possibility of interactions between natural products/supplements and conventional prescription medicines is one of the most important issues in pharmacotherapeutic safety. Recently, we reported that some terpenoids such as (R)-(+)-citronellal and glycyrrhetic acid, which are present in herbal medicines, can act as inhibitors of P-glycoprotein(More)
Citrus (rutaceous) herbs are often used in traditional medicine and Japanese cuisine and can be taken concomitantly with conventional medicine. In this study, the effect of various citrus-herb extracts on P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-mediated transport was examined in vitro to investigate a possible interaction with P-gp substrates. Component monoterpenoids of the(More)
Tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) increases the risk of intracranial hemorrhage by gelatinase B (matrix metalloprotease-9; MMP-9) production in brain endothelial cells. It was recently reported that the free-radical scavenger edaravone significantly decreases t-PA-mediated MMP-9 production. Therefore, by using cultured brain endothelial cells(More)
Complementary and alternative medicines can be applied concomitantly with conventional medicines; however, little drug information is available on these interactions. Previously, we reported on the inhibitory effects of an extract and monoterpenoids (e.g., (R)-(+)-citronellal) contained in citrus herbs on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) using P-gp-overexpressed(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the plasma dispositions of oxycodone and its demethylates and dose escalation based on genetic polymorphisms of CYP2D6, CYP3A5, ABCB1, and OPRM1 in cancer patients receiving oxycodone. Sixty-two Japanese cancer patients receiving oxycodone extended-release tablets were enrolled. Predose plasma concentrations (C(12)) of(More)
We attempted to predict the delivery of ofloxacin (OFLX), a new quinolone antibacterial agent (NQ), into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the human based on the physiological properties and pharmacokinetic paramters of NQs in various animals. Physiological properties for evaluation of drug delivery into CSF such as volume and the bulk flow rate of CSF and(More)