Junichi Hirayama

Learn More
Phoborhodopsin (pR) is the fourth retinal pigment of Halobacterium halobium and works as a photoreceptor for the negative phototactic response. A similar pigment was previously found in haloalkaliphilic bacterium (Natronbacterium pharaonis) and also works as the receptor of the negative phototactic response; this pigment is called pharaonis phoborhodopsin(More)
We investigated the photoinactivation of virus infectivity by hypocrellin A and its mechanism. The titers of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), both of which are enveloped viruses, were reduced upon illumination with hypocrellin A in a concentration-dependent manner, whereas canine parvovirus, a nonenveloped(More)
BACKGROUND Volume-reduced washed platelets (VR-wPLTs), which are prepared by concentrating platelets (PLTs) into a smaller volume of additive solution (AS), may prevent not only circulatory overload, but also adverse reactions caused by plasma components. Although VR-wPLTs may be quickly degraded due to high PLT concentrations, few studies have examined the(More)
BACKGROUND Extensive periods without agitation can occasionally occur during platelet (PLT) shipment and can affect PLT quality during 5- to 7-day storage. The use of buffer-containing PLT additive solutions (ASs) may better preserve PLT quality during storage by maintaining PLT pH and other in vitro variables. A newly described bicarbonate-containing AS,(More)
BACKGROUND To reduce adverse reactions due to platelet (PLT) transfusion, medical solutions on the market, such as saline and ACD-A, are used to replace the plasma of PLT concentrates in Japan; however, they are not strongly preservative. Here, an attempt was made to develop a novel additive solution (M-sol) having the ability to preserve PLTs stably, with(More)
An Escherichia coli sensor kinase, ArcB, transfers a phosphoryl group to a partner response regulator in response to anaerobic conditions. Multidimensional NMR techniques were applied to determine the solution structure of the histidine-containing phosphotransfer signaling domain of ArcB (HPt(ArcB)), which has a phosphorylation site, His717. The backbone(More)
Parvovirus B19 (B19), which may contaminate red cell components for blood transfusion, is known to be resistant to several viral inactivation methods. To increase the safety of hemoglobin solutions as a source of red cell substitutes, we investigated the removal of parvovirus B19 from hemoglobin solution using nanofiltration. The hemoglobin solution spiked(More)
BACKGROUND Results of past space experiments suggest that the biological effect of space radiation could be enhanced under microgravity. To assess the radiation risk for humans during long-term spaceflight, it is very important to clarify whether human cells exhibit a synergistic effect of radiation and microgravity. HYPOTHESIS If significant synergism(More)
 Hemoglobin (Hb) vesicles are artificial oxygen carriers that encapsulate concentrated purified Hb with a phospholipid bilayer membrane. They have been confirmed to have sufficient oxygen-transporting ability. Even though strictly inspected outdated red cells are used as a source of Hb, it is necessary to introduce an additional process that inactivates or(More)
Hemoglobin (Hb) has been widely studied as a raw material for various types of oxygen carriers. In the purification of Hb from red blood cells including virus inactivation and denaturation of other proteins and the long-term storage of Hb vesicles (HbV), a deoxygenation process is one of the important processes because of the high stability of deoxygenated(More)