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The 5’ region of cytochrome oxidase I (COI) is the standard marker for DNA barcoding. However, COI has proved to be of limited use in identifying some species, and for some taxa, the coding sequence is not efficiently amplified by PCR. These deficiencies lead to uncertainty as to whether COI is the most suitable barcoding fragment for species identification(More)
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine contagious pleuropneumonia, a highly contagious respiratory infection in pigs, and all the 15 serotypes are able to cause disease. Current vaccines including subunit vaccines could not provide satisfactory protection against A. pleuropneumoniae. In this study, the immunoproteomic approach was(More)
Perkinsus is a genus of unicellular protozoan parasite responsible for mass mortality of several commercially valuable mollusks. Surveillance and inspection of its epidemiology in the field calls for convenient and rapid detection methods. Here, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was developed to detect the presence of Perkinsus spp. in(More)
Schmallenberg virus (SBV) is a novel orthobunyavirus that primarily infects ruminants such as cattle, sheep and goats. The nucleocapsid (N) protein of SBV has been shown to be an ideal target antigen for serological detection. To prepare a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against the N protein, the full-length coding sequence of the SBV N gene was cloned into(More)
The protozoan parasite Bonamia ostreae is a destructive pathogen of flat oysters and has been reported to be widespread in Europe and North America. The biological characteristics of this unicellular parasite are still not fully understood. In this study, 104 Ostrea edulis imported from the USA to the Guangdong province of China for consumption were(More)
In a previous study, we performed serial brain-to-brain passages of swine Japanese encephalitis virus in mice and sequenced the complete genomes of the F5 and F20 passaged mouse-adapted variants. In the current study, we analyzed the differences between their genome sequences and found 12 amino acid substitutions in the nonstructural proteins. We also(More)
Peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) is an important pathogen that seriously influences the productivity of small ruminants worldwide. Although PPRV is known to induce apoptosis in infected cells, the interaction between PPRV and permissive cells requires further elucidation. Here, we provide the first evidence that PPRV infection triggered autophagy in(More)
A framework for the tool, MUIP (Management of User Interface Patterns), has been developed based on the relevant literature and a survey of existing pattern tools. The framework supports the following features: pattern authoring, manipulating forces, browsing patterns, searching patterns, versioning and customising patterns, relating patterns, manipulating(More)
Female BALB/c mice were immunized with a commercial PCV2 vaccine, and a monoclonal antibody (MAb) designated as 3H11 was achieved by hybridoma techniques. The MAb specifically reacted with Cap protein of PCV2, which has been identified by western blot. Immunoperoxidase monolayer assay results showed that 3H11 did not cross-react with PCV1-infected cells.(More)