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Fluorescent carbon-based materials have drawn increasing attention in recent years owing to exceptional advantages such as high optical absorptivity, chemical stability, biocompatibility, and low toxicity. These materials primarily include carbon dots (CDs), nanodiamonds, carbon nanotubes, fullerene, and fluorescent graphene. The superior properties of(More)
Strongly fluorescent graphene quantum dots (GQDs) have been prepared by one-step solvothermal method with PL quantum yield as high as 11.4%. The GQDs have high stability and can be dissolved in most polar solvents. Because of fine biocompatibility and low toxicity, GQDs are demonstrated to be excellent bioimaging agents.
Self-assembly of colloidal microspheres or nanospheres is an effective strategy for fabrication of ordered nanostructures. By combination of colloidal self-assembly with nanofabrication techniques, two-dimensional (2D) colloidal crystals have been employed as masks or templates for evaporation, deposition, etching, and imprinting, etc. These methods are(More)
Solvent sensitive organic/inorganic hybrid one-dimensional photonic crystals (1DPCs) were prepared through alternating thin films of poly methyl methacrylate-co-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (PMMA-co-PHEMA-co-PEGDMA) and titania nanoparticle sol by spincoating. Since the titania layer has a higher refractive index compared with(More)
The P21-activated kinases (PAK) are emerging antitumor therapeutic targets. In this paper, we describe the discovery of potent PAK inhibitors guided by structure-based drug design. In addition, the efflux of the pyrrolopyrazole series was effectively reduced by applying multiple medicinal chemistry strategies, leading to a series of PAK inhibitors that are(More)
Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) inhibitors such as trimethoprim (TMP) have long played a significant role in the treatment of bacterial infections. Not surprisingly, after decades of use there is now bacterial resistance to TMP and therefore a need to develop novel antibacterial agents with expanded spectrum including these resistant strains. In this study,(More)
The bacterial topoisomerases DNA gyrase (GyrB) and topoisomerase IV (ParE) are essential enzymes that control the topological state of DNA during replication. The high degree of conservation in the ATP-binding pockets of these enzymes make them appealing targets for broad-spectrum inhibitor development. A pyrrolopyrimidine scaffold was identified from a(More)
HIV-1 integrase (IN) is one of three enzymes encoded by the HIV genome and is essential for viral replication. Recently, HIV-1 IN inhibitors have emerged as a new promising class of therapeutics. Herein, we report the discovery of azaindole carboxylic acids and azaindole hydroxamic acids as potent inhibitors of the HIV-1 IN enzyme and their(More)
Chemical homogeneous poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) surface with dot-like protrusion pattern was used to investigate the individual effect of surface microtopography on protein adsorption and subsequent biological responses. Fibrinogen (Fg) and fibronectin (Fn) were chosen as model proteins due to their effect on platelet and cell adhesion, respectively. Fg(More)
In this study, we demonstrate a new insight into the growth stage of aqueous semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs); namely, that the experimental variable-dependent growth rate and photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs) are understandable according to electrostatics. In this context, the aqueous NCs possess (from core outwards) an inorganic core, ligand layer,(More)