Junhong Mao

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Bisphosphonates are a class of molecules in widespread use in treating bone resorption diseases and are also of interest as immunomodulators and anti-infectives. They function by inhibiting the enzyme farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS), but the details of how these molecules bind are not fully understood. Here, we report the results of a solid-state(More)
We report the activities of 62 bisphosphonates as inhibitors of the Leishmania major mevalonate/isoprene biosynthesis pathway enzyme, farnesyl pyrophosphate synthase. The compounds investigated exhibit activities (IC(50) values) ranging from approximately 100 nM to approximately 80 microM (corresponding to K(i) values as low as 10 nM). The most active(More)
We report the results of a series of density functional theory (DFT) calculations aimed at predicting the (57)Fe Mössbauer electric field gradient (EFG) tensors (quadrupole splittings and asymmetry parameters) and their orientations in S = 0, (1)/(2), 1, (3)/(2), 2, and (5)/(2) metalloproteins and/or model systems. Excellent results were found by using a(More)
We report the first detailed investigation of the (1)H, (13)C, (15)N, and (19)F nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopic shifts in paramagnetic metalloprotein and metalloporphyrin systems. The >3500 ppm range in experimentally observed hyperfine shifts can be well predicted by using density functional theory (DFT) methods. Using spin-unrestricted(More)
Farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS) catalyses the formation of farnesyl diphosphate from dimethylallyl diphosphate and isopentenyl diphosphate and is an RNAi-validated drug target in Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of African sleeping sickness. A T. brucei FPPS (390 amino acids) has been expressed in Escherichia coli and the recombinant protein has(More)
We report the results of density functional theory (DFT) calculations of the (57)Fe Mössbauer isomer shifts (delta(Fe)) for a series of 24 inorganic, organometallic, and metalloprotein/metalloporphyrin model systems in S = 0, (1)/(2), 1, (3)/(2), 2, and (5)/(2) spin states. We find an excellent correlation between calculation and experiment over the entire(More)
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