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Inherited genetic variation plays a critical but largely uncharacterized role in human differentiation. The completion of the International HapMap Project makes it possible to identify loci that may cause human differentiation. We have devised an approach to find such ethnically variant single-nucleotide polymorphisms (ESNPs) from the genotype profile of(More)
The functional and evolutionary significance of DNA methylation in insect genomes remains to be resolved. Nasonia is well situated for comparative analyses of DNA methylation and genome evolution, since the genomes of a moderately distant outgroup species as well as closely related sibling species are available. Using direct sequencing of(More)
In complex organisms, different tissues express different genes, which ultimately shape the function and phenotype of each tissue. An important goal of modern biology is to understand how some genes are turned on and off in specific tissues and how the numbers of different gene expression products are determined. These aspects are named 'expression breadth'(More)
OBJECTIVE We performed a hospital based case-control study in South Korea (1) to clarify the role of occupational exposure, and especially manganese (Mn) exposure in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) and (2) to discover the association between any occupations and PD. METHODS We selected two groups, PD patient group (N1) and controls (N2). Three(More)
OBJECTIVE We performed a retrospective cohort study in South Korea to clarify the role of occupational exposure, especially to welding, in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS We constructed a database of subjects classified into an exposure group (blue-collar workers) and a non-exposure group (white-collar workers) in two shipbuilding(More)
We examined whole blood (MnB), plasma (MnP) and urinary Mn (MnU) concentrations in 33 cirrhotics and 11 healthy controls to clarify: (1) whether, in chronic liver diseases, MnB or MnP reflects pallidal signal intensities in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); and (2) which factors in chronic liver diseases correlate with pallidal signal intensities in(More)
Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) expanded in vitro exhibit not only a tendency to lose their proliferative potential, homing ability and telomere length but also genetic or epigenetic modifications, resulting in senescence. We compared differential methylation patterns of genes and miRNAs between early-passage [passage 5 (P5)] and(More)
This study is performed to detect changes of gene expression in substantia nigra (SN) and striatum in manganese (Mn)-exposed mice brain. The cDNA array is a recently developed molecular biological method that can detect the differential expression of several hundreds of genes simultaneously and is therefore advantageous in the study of trace metal(More)
We used a 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-treated mice model to evaluate whether manganese (Mn) exposure can affect MPTP-induced neurotoxicity. We randomly assigned adult male C57BL/6 mice (n=5-7 per group) the following treatments: SO, Mn(-) x MPTP(-); MO, Mn(+) x MPTP(-); SM, Mn(-) x MPTP(+); MM, Mn(+) x MPTP(+). Mn (MnCl(2).4H(2)O)(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate cancer risks in the Korean semiconductor industry. METHODS A retrospective cohort study was performed in eight semiconductor factories between 1998 and 2008. The number of subjects was 113,443 for mortality and 108,443 for incidence. Standardized mortality ratios (SMR) and standardized incidence ratios(More)