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Members of the small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) family can be covalently attached to the lysine residue of a target protein through an enzymatic pathway similar to that used in ubiquitin conjugation, and are involved in various cellular events that do not rely on degradative signalling via the proteasome or lysosome. However, little is known about the(More)
For a representative set of 64 nonhomologous proteins, each containing a structure solved by NMR and X-ray crystallography, we analyzed the variations in atomic coordinates between NMR models, the temperature (B) factors measured by X-ray crystallography, and the fluctuation dynamics predicted by the Gaussian network model (GNM). The NMR and X-ray data(More)
In vertebrates, the biological consequences of DNA methylation are often mediated by protein factors containing conserved methyl-CpG binding domains (MBDs). Mutations in the MBD protein MeCP2 cause the neurodevelopmental disease Rett syndrome. We report here the solution structure of the MBD of the human methylation-dependent transcriptional regulator MBD1(More)
The ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain is one of the most frequently occurring motifs that recognize ubiquitin tags. Dsk2p, a UBA-containing protein from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is involved in the ubiquitin-proteasome proteolytic pathway and has been implicated in spindle pole duplication. Here we present the solution structure of the UBA domain of Dsk2p(More)
Interleukin-18 (IL-18), a cytokine formerly known as interferon-γ- (IFN-γ-) inducing factor, has pleiotropic immunoregulatory functions, including augmentation of IFN-γ production, Fas-mediated cytotoxicity and developmental regulation of T-lymphocyte helper type I. We determined the solution structure of IL-18 as a first step toward understanding its(More)
Reliable automated NOE assignment and structure calculation on the basis of a largely complete, assigned input chemical shift list and a list of unassigned NOESY cross peaks has recently become feasible for routine NMR protein structure calculation and has been shown to yield results that are equivalent to those of the conventional, manual approach.(More)
Many flowering plants possess a self-incompatibility system to prevent inbreeding. In Brassica rapa, self/non-self recognition in mating is established through S-haplotype-specific interactions between stigma receptors and S-locus protein 11 (SP11, also called S-locus cysteine-rich protein) that is encoded at the highly polymorphic S-locus. Here we describe(More)
PRL-3, a novel class protein of prenylated tyrosine phosphatase, is important in cancer metastasis. Due to its high levels of expression in metastatic tumors, PRL-3 may constitute a useful marker for metastasis and might be a new therapeutic target. Here, we present the solution structure of the phosphatase domain of a human PRL-3 (residues 1-162) in(More)
Growing evidence suggests that horizontal gene transfer plays an integral role in the evolution of bacterial genomes. One of the debated examples of horizontal gene transfer from animal to prokaryote is the fibronectin type III domain (FnIIID). Certain extracellular proteins of soil bacteria contain an unusual cluster of FnIIIDs, which show sequence(More)
We describe a new NMR method for monitoring the individual hydrogen exchange rates of the hydroxyl groups of tyrosine (Tyr) residues in proteins. The method utilizes (2S,3R)-[beta(2),epsilon(1,2)-(2)H(3);0,alpha,beta,zeta-(13)C(4);(15)N]-Tyr, zeta-SAIL Tyr, to detect and assign the (13)C(zeta) signals of Tyr rings efficiently, either by indirect(More)