Jungnam Kim

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PURPOSE To determine the effects of music therapy on pain, discomfort, and depression for patients with leg fractures. METHODS Data were collected from 40 patients admitted in an orthopedic surgery care unit. The subjects included 20 intervention group members and 20 control group members. Music therapy was offered to intervention group members once a day(More)
The main purpose of this study was to construct different vertical scales based on various combinations of calibration methods and proficiency estimators to investigate the impact different choices may have on these properties of the vertical scales that result: grade-to-grade growth, grade-to-grade variability, and the separation of grade distributions.(More)
We demonstrate strong photo-amplification effects in flexible organic capacitors which consist of small molecular solid-state electrolyte layers sandwiched between light-sensitive conjugated polymer nanolayers. The small molecular electrolyte layers were prepared from aqueous solutions of tris(8-hydroxyquinoline-5-sulfonic acid) aluminum (ALQSA3), while(More)
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