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Due to the lack of development in the area of sample preparation, few complete lab-on-a-chip systems have appeared in recent years that can deal with raw samples. Cell lysis and nucleic acid extraction systems are sufficiently complex even before adding the complexity of an analysis system. In this review, a variety of microfluidic sample preparation(More)
Limitations in depositing ligands using conventional micro-array pin spotting have hindered the application of surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) technology. To address these challenges we introduce a modification to our continuous-flow micro-spotting technology that improves ligand deposition. Using Flexchip protein A/G and neutravidin capturing(More)
Recent advances in microfluidics have created new and exciting prospects for gene delivery and therapy. The micro-scaled environment within microfluidic systems enables precise control and optimization of multiple processes and techniques used in gene transfection and the production of gene and drug transporters. Traditional non-viral gene transfection(More)
Enceladus presents an excellent opportunity to detect organic molecules that are relevant for habitability as well as bioorganic molecules that provide evidence for extraterrestrial life because Enceladus' plume is composed of material from the subsurface ocean that has a high habitability potential and significant organic content. A primary challenge is to(More)
A digitally programmable microfluidic Automaton consisting of a 2-dimensional array of pneumatically actuated microvalves is programmed to perform new multiscale mixing and sample processing operations. Large (μL-scale) volume processing operations are enabled by precise metering of multiple reagents within individual nL-scale valves followed by serial(More)
Biomolecules, including protein A, albumin, and immunoglobulin G, are spotted on top of a nanoporous substrate by using a continuous-flow microspotter (CFM) system, which normally produces spots 3 to 4 orders of magnitude more sensitive than conventional biomolecule printing methods. The spots are observed with a fluorescence scanner. By using the CFM to(More)
Microfluidic platforms provide several unique advantages for drug development. In the production of drug carriers, physical properties such as size and shape, and chemical properties such as drug composition and pharmacokinetic parameters, can be modified simply and effectively by tuning the flow rate and geometries. Large numbers of carriers can then be(More)
Rapid prototyping of microfluidic systems using a combination of double-sided tape and PDMS (polydimethylsiloxane) is introduced. PDMS is typically difficult to bond using adhesive tapes due to its hydrophobic nature and low surface energy. For this reason, PDMS is not compatible with the xurography method, which uses a knife plotter and various adhesive(More)