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Understanding preference decision making is a challenging problem because the underlying process is often implicit and dependent on context, including past experience. There is evidence for both familiarity and novelty as critical factors for preference in adults and infants. To resolve this puzzling contradiction, we examined the cumulative effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Conventional ultrasonography or magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is commonly performed to obtain information about the severity of the disease, location of the injury, and differential diagnosis. The aim of this research was to investigate the diagnostic confidence of sonoelastography as an adjunct to greyscale ultrasonography in lateral elbow(More)
The cellular entry of Hantaan virus (HTN) occurs through interactions with beta(3) integrins as cellular receptors. However, the process of HTN infection following attachment to the cell surface is not well understood. Our data indicate that overexpression of a dominant-negative mutant dynamin inhibits HTN internalization and that compounds that block(More)
It is widely assumed that combining the eye movement vector with the motion vector of the retinal image is both sufficient and necessary for recovering the direction and speed of visual motion. Here, we report that execution of a saccadic (rapid) eye movement in the dark systematically biased subsequent perceptual judgment of the direction of visual motion(More)
When we look at a clock with a hand showing seconds, the hand sometimes appears to stay longer at its first-seen position than at the following positions, evoking an illusion of chronostasis. This illusory extension of perceived duration has been shown to be coupled to saccadic eye movement and it has been suggested to serve as a mechanism of maintaining(More)
In what frame of reference does the supplementary eye field (SEF) encode saccadic eye movements? In this study, the "saccade collision" test was used to determine whether a saccade electrically evoked in the monkey's SEF is programmed to reach an oculocentric goal or a nonoculocentric (e.g., head or body-centered) goal. If the eyes start moving just before(More)
We present a method for exciting surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) caused by a magnetic field component perpendicular to the direction of slit. The excitation mechanism is based on the spatially oscillating induced current along the edges of the slit under obliquely incident electromagnetic waves. Our finding distinguishes itself from previous mechanisms(More)
The temporal order of two spots of light successively appearing in the dark, just before a saccade, influences their perceived spatial relation. Both spots are mislocalized in the saccade direction--the second more so than the first--because mislocalization grows as time elapses from stimulus to saccade onset. On the other hand, the perceived order of the(More)
A small cryptic plasmid pIH01 from Leuconostoc citreum IH3 was characterized. This 1.8-kb sized plasmid contains single open reading frame that encodes a RepC class protein (342 amino acids) and a conserved pT181-type double strand origin, suggesting a rolling circle replication mode. This putative replicase protein shows the highest similarity to a(More)
The n-BuOH fraction of O. javanica significantly protected the primary cultures of rat cortical cells exposed to glutamate. Four flavonoids yielded from this fraction through bioactivity-guidance. The isolated compounds, identified as isorhamnetin (1), afzelin (2), hyperoside (3) and persicarin (4), were evaluated in vitro for their neuroprotective(More)