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Induced resistance has been recognized as an attractive tool for plant disease management in modern agriculture. During the last two decades, studies on chemically- and biologically elicited induced resistance have revealed previously unknown features of the plant defense response including defense priming. As a biological trigger for induced resistance,(More)
Plants have evolved general and specific defense mechanisms to protect themselves from diverse enemies, including herbivores and pathogens. To maintain fitness in the presence of enemies, plant defense mechanisms are aimed at inducing systemic resistance: in response to the attack of pathogens or herbivores, plants initiate extensive changes in gene(More)
Various tumors can occur in the scrotum. Of them, angiomyofibroblastoma-like tumors are very rare mesenchymal tumors. Angiomyofibroblastoma-like tumors cannot be easily differentially diagnosed from other malignant tumors invading the male genital tract on the basis of clinical characteristics and imaging study. Therefore, surgical removal and a(More)
INTRODUCTION Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), which plays an essential role in the adaptive response of cells to hypoxia, is associated with aggressive tumor behavior. Furthermore, a relationship between excision repair cross-complementing 1 (ERCC1) expression and platinum resistance has been reported in patients with various malignancies. The aim of(More)
Root drench-treatment of tobacco seedlings with Bacillus sp. BS107 (BS107) suppressed disease development caused by the pathogen Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovotrum SCC1 (SCC1). A determinant of BS107 involved in induced systemic resistance (ISR) against SCC1 was isolated from cell-free culture. ISR bioassay-guided isolation was involved in(More)
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Gangliocytic paraganglioma (GP) is a rare(More)
The prognostic significance of O6-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) inactivation was evaluated in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who received cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) in addition to rituximab. In this retrospective study, we used the methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction to(More)
A 53-year-old healthy patient was admitted with unilateral nasal obstruction of one month duration which was suspected to be a malignancy because of mass-like finding on radiology and peripheral eosinophilia. The biopsy of the involved sinus showed tissue invasion by aseptate hyphae suggestive of a zygomycete and tissue infiltration of eosinophilia. He was(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate oxidase (NOX)-mediated reactive oxygen species contribute to various liver diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Uncertainties remain regarding the prognostic relevance of NOX1 and NOX4 protein expression in HCC. METHODS NOX1 and NOX4 protein expression was examined by using(More)
Like the innate immunity in mammals, plants have developed an induced resistance, referred to as systemic acquired resistance (SAR). Recently, defense priming that is not related to the direct activation of defenses, but instead elicits more rapid induction of resistance mechanisms following trigger application, has been proposed to explain the long-lasting(More)