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IL-18 has recently been reported to play a critical role in tumor migration, invasion, and metastasis. Because IL-18 has various biological activities after its secretion as an 18 kDa mature form, the regulation of the IL-18 secretion process is an important step in tumor progression. This study investigated the implication of IL-18 in vascular endothelial(More)
Multivariate metabolic profiles from biofluids such as urine and plasma are highly indicative of the biological fitness of complex organisms and can be captured analytically in order to derive top-down systems biology models. The application of currently available modeling approaches to human and animal metabolic pathway modeling is problematic because of(More)
Intratumoral hypoxia has been correlated with distant metastatic potential. Two hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs), HIF-1α and HIF-2α, are induced by hypoxia, and high expression of these proteins has been correlated to angiogenesis and distant metastasis. Thymosin β4 (Tβ4) is frequently highly expressed in cancer, and this overexpression correlates with(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, many plastic surgeons have been using adipogenic-differentiated cell implantation for remodeling scars in patients. However, this technique is not a long-term solution because implanted cells disappear gradually. Therefore, we investigated a method to increase the grafted cell preservation rate by using an effective adjuvant, botulinum(More)
Bayesian networks are constructed under a conditional independency assumption. This assumption however does not necessarily hold in practice and may lead to loss of accuracy. We previously proposed a hidden node methodology whereby Bayesian networks are adapted by the addition of hidden nodes to model the data dependencies more accurately. Empirical results(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in the innate immune response. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a well-known interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma inducing factor, which stimulates immune response in NK and T cells. Sphingosine kinase (SPHK) catalyzes the formation of sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P), which acts as a second messenger to function as an(More)