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Although the importance of estradiol-17beta (E(2)) in many physiological processes has been reported, to date no researchers have investigated the effects of E(2) on embryonic stem (ES) cell proliferation. Therefore, in the present study, we have examined the effect of E(2) on the DNA synthesis of murine ES (ES-E14TG2a) cells and its related signaling(More)
This study examined the mechanisms by which transforming growth factor (TGF)-alpha regulates proliferation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. TGF-alpha increased [3H] thymidine and BrdU incorporation in a time- (0-72 h) and dose-dependent (0-10 ng/ml) manner. TGF-alpha stimulated the phosphorylation of Akt, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), p70S6K1 and(More)
This study examined the effects of high glucose on cell proliferation and its related signal pathways using mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. Here, we showed that high glucose level significantly increased [3H]thymidine incorporation, BrdU incorporation, the number of cells, [3H]leucine, and [3H]proline incorporation in a time-( >3 hr) and dose-(> 25 mM)(More)
Abnormally high glucose levels may play an important role in early embryo development and function. In the present study, we investigated the effect of high glucose on 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) uptake and its related signalling pathway in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells. 2. 2-Deoxyglucose uptake was maximally inhibited by 25 mmol/L glucose after 24 h treatment.(More)
Sodium fluoride (NaF) is used as a source of fluoride ions in diverse applications. Fluoride salt is an effective prophylactic for dental caries and is an essential element required for bone health. However, fluoride is known to cause cytotoxicity in a concentration-dependent manner. Further, no information is available on the effects of NaF on mouse(More)
Wnt/β-catenin signaling has been known to influence bone formation and homeostasis. In this study, we investigated the canonical Wnt signaling regulation of osteogenic differentiation from periodontal ligament (PDL) fibroblasts. Stimulating PDL fibroblasts with lithium chloride (LiCl), a canonical Wnt activator, significantly increased mineralized nodule(More)
We examined the effect of EGF on the proliferation of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells and their related signal pathways. EGF increased [3H]thymidine and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation in a time- and dose-dependent manner. EGF stimulated the phosphorylation of EGF receptor (EGFR). Inhibition of EGFR tyrosine kinase with AG-1478 or herbimycin A,(More)
Hesperetin (3',5,7-trihydroxy-4-methoxyflavanone) is a metabolite of hesperidin (hesperetin-7-O-rutinoside), which belongs to the flavanone subgroup and is found mainly in citrus fruits. Hesperetin has been reported to be an effective osteoinductive compound in various in vivo and in vitro models. However, how hesperetin effects osteogenic differentiation(More)
Steroid hormones have been reported to activate various signal transducers that trigger a variety of cellular responses. Among these hormones, testosterone has been identified as an antioxidant that protects against cellular damage. Therefore, using mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells as a model system, this study evaluated the effects of dihydrotestosterone(More)
This study investigated the effect of ATP and its related signal cascades on the proliferation of mouse ESCs. ATP increased the level of [(3)H]thymidine/5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine incorporation and the number of cells in both a time- and dose-dependent manner. AMP-CPP (a P2X(1) and P2X(3) agonist), ATP-gammaS (a P2Y agonist), and 2-methylthio-ATP (a P2X and(More)