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The gut mucosal barrier plays an important role in maintaining a delicate immune homeostasis. The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is considered to involve a defective mucosal immunity along with a genetic predisposition. Recent views have suggested an excessive response to components of the gut microbiota in IBD. A condition of "dysbiosis",(More)
One hundred forty-six fecal specimens collected between 2007 and 2008 from infants with acute gastroenteritis were screened for rotavirus by ELISA with VP6-specific antibody. One hundred twenty-three of the samples (84.2%) were confirmed to be positive for group A rotavirus (community-acquired, n = 90 [73.2%] and nosocomial, n = 33 [26.8%]), and were typed(More)
Among 312 rotavirus-positive samples collected from eight hospitals across South Korea during 2008 and 2009, the most prevalent circulating G genotype was G1 (35.9%), followed by G3 (24.7%), G2 (17.0%), G4 (7.7%), and G9 (2.6%). Notably, one unusual G11 lineage III strain—the first hypoendemic infection case in the world—was found. Of the P genotypes, P[8](More)
Infantile periods may have stronger genetic influences. Recently, studies on genetic defects in the interleukin-10 (IL-10) signaling pathway have provided new insights into inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This study is to reveal whether mutations of IL-10 signaling pathway genes contribute to the phenotypes of IBD. Forty children who were diagnosed with(More)
Neonatal-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) accounts for only 0.25% of pediatric IBD cases. The molecular pathogenesis of IBD remains unclear. Recently, rare Mendelian mutations have been identified in children with very early-onset Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. In this study, we report compound heterozygous mutations in the interleukin-10(More)
BACKGROUND There are few reports on the symptoms of rotavirus infections in neonates. This study aims to describe clinical signs of rotavirus infections among neonates, with a particular focus on preterm infants, and to show the distribution of genotypes in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS A prospective observational study was conducted at a(More)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disease that is very rare in Asians: only a few cases have been reported in Korea. We treated a female infant with CF who had steatorrhea and failure to thrive. Her sweat chloride concentration was 102.0 mM/L. Genetic analysis identified two novel mutations including a splice site mutation (c.1766+2T >C) and a(More)
Genotyping of human rotaviruses was performed on 299 (40.1%) rotavirus-positive samples obtained from 745 children with acute diarrhea in three provinces in South Korea between March 2008 and February 2010, approximately 2 years following the introduction of the RotaTeq (September 2007) and Rotarix (July 2008). The most prevalent G genotypes were G1(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to explore changes in clinical epidemiology and genotype distribution and their association among hospitalized children with rotavirus gastroenteritis after the introduction of vaccines. METHODS Between November 2010 and October 2014, hospitalized children with acute gastroenteritis were enrolled. Rotavirus genotypes were(More)
Clostridium difficile infection has been increasing since 2000 in children and in adults. Frequent antibiotics use, comorbidity, and the development of hypervirulent strains have increased the risk of infection. Despite the high carriage rates of C. difficile, infants rarely develop clinical infection. Discontinuing antibiotics and supportive management(More)