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Abnormal accumulation of beta-catenin is considered to be a strong driving force in hepatocellular carcinogenesis; however, the mechanism of beta-catenin accumulation in tumours is unclear. Here, it was demonstrated that hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) differentially regulates the level of beta-catenin through two ubiquitin-dependent proteasome pathways(More)
Motor deficit improvement is limited in rats with a large sensorimotor cortex infarct, even with cortical stimulation during rehabilitation. However, we find prolonged stimulation that differs with the size of cortical lesion to be effective. Two weeks of prolonged epidural electrical stimulation and rehabilitative training were delivered to rats whose(More)
Few studies have been conducted to explain the pain patterns resulting from osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). We analyzed pain patterns to elucidate the pain mechanism and to provide initial guide for the management of OVCFs. Sixty-four patients underwent percutaneous vertebroplasty (N=55) or kyphoplasty (N=9). Three pain patterns were(More)
There are currently no initial guides for the diagnosis of somatic referred pain of lumbar zygapophyseal joint (LZJ) or sacroiliac joint (SIJ). We developed a classification system of LZJ and SIJ pain, the ''pain distribution pattern template (PDPT)'' depending on the pain distribution patterns from a pool of 200 patients whose spinal pain source was(More)
Lindera obtusiloba is a medicinal herb traditionally used in Asia for improvement of blood circulation, treatment of inflammation, and prevention of liver damage. A previous study has shown that an ethanolic extract of Lindera obtusiloba stems (LOE) has vasoprotective and antihypertensive effects. The possibility that Lindera obtusiloba improves endothelial(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive malignant brain tumor. Since differentiation can attenuate or halt the growth of tumor cells, an image-based phenotypic screening was performed to find out drugs inducing morphological differentiation of GBMs. Bexarotene, a selective retinoid X receptor agonist, showed strong inhibition of neurospheroidal(More)
Discogenic pain is a leading cause of chronic low back pain. The authors investigated the efficacy of pressure-controlled discography to determine its role in clinical decision-making for the management of patients with discogenic pain. Pressure-controlled discography was performed in 21 patients (51 discs) with pain-provocation, followed by(More)
OBJECTIVE Few studies on the clinical spectrum of automated pressure-controlled discography (APCD)-defined positive discs have been reported to date. Thus, the present study was undertaken to analyze clinical parameters critical for diagnosis of discogenic pain and to correlate imaging findings with intradiscal pressures and pain responses in patients with(More)
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