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Cerebral white matter undergoes various changes with normal aging. This study investigated the association between age, gender, and the global and regional fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) in 145 adults (30 to 80 years old) using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging. We studied sixteen regions of interest in both hemispheres to(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has already proven to be a valuable tool when investigating both global and regional microstructural white matter (WM) brain changes in the human aging process. Although subject to many criticisms, voxel-based analysis is currently one of the most common and preferred approaches in such DTI aging studies. In this context,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the white matter (WM) microstructure using diffusion tensor imaging in patients with vascular parkinsonism (VP) and specific fiber tract involvement with respect to clinical severity. DESIGN Diffusion measures (fractional anisotropy and mean diffusivity) were calculated from diffusion tensor images of patients with VP and control(More)
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PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to further localize cerebral perfusion abnormalities, and to better correlate these abnormalities with the clinical severity of Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS A single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) study was performed on 27 patients with PD and 24 age-matched controls. SPECT images were spatially(More)
This study investigated whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) could identify potential abnormalities in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients without cognitive complaints compared to healthy controls. In addition, the existence of associations between diffusion measures and clinical parameters was examined. Forty T2DM patients and 97 non-diabetic(More)
The dopamine hypothesis has been the cornerstone in the research and clinical practice of schizophrenia. With the initial emphasis on the role of excessive dopamine, the hypothesis has evolved to a concept of combining prefrontal hypodopaminergia and striatal hyperdopaminergia, and subsequently to the present aberrant salience hypothesis. This article(More)
Despite extensive studies in Parkinson's disease (PD) in recent decades, the neural mechanisms of this common neurodegenerative disease remain incompletely understood. Functional brain imaging technique such as single photon emission computerized tomography has emerged as a tool to help us understand the disease pathophysiology by assessing regional(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with bipolar disorder are at high risk of developing strokes in the older life. Silent cerebral infarctions (SCIs) could be common in the elderly patients with bipolar disorder, but only small sample size reports are available. The purpose of this study was to assess the proportion of SCIs and determine the risk factors for cerebral(More)
Presence of parkinsonian features after carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication is well known and the severity was found to relate to the pre-synaptic dopaminergic deficits. There is no systemic study to analyse the functional network involved in CO-related Parkinsonism. Forty-five CO-related parkinsonism patients and 25 aged-matched controls completed the 3D(More)