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It is well established that the genioglossus muscle (tongue protrudor) has a role in protecting or enhancing upper airway patency in individuals with obstructive sleep apnea. However, no investigation completed to date has addressed the role of the styloglossus and hyoglossus muscles (tongue retractors) in maintaining upper airway patency in humans. As a(More)
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is common in children and leads to multiple end-organ morbidities. Myeloid-related protein (MRP) 8/14 plays an important pathophysiological role in atherosclerosis, and plasma levels correlate with endothelial cell dysfunction. We hypothesised that MRP8/14 levels would be altered in children with OSA. 255 children (aged(More)
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