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Erythritol, a four-carbon polyol, is a biological sweetener with applications in food and pharmaceutical industries. It is also used as a functional sugar substitute in special foods for people with diabetes and obesity because of its unique nutritional properties. Erythritol is produced by microbial methods using mostly osmophilic yeasts and has been(More)
Xylose reductase (XR) is a key enzyme in D-xylose metabolism, catalyzing the reduction of D-xylose to xylitol. An NADH-preferring XR was purified to homogeneity from Candida parapsilosis KFCC-10875, and the xyl1 gene encoding a 324-amino-acid polypeptide with a molecular mass of 36,629 Da was subsequently isolated using internal amino acid sequences and 5'(More)
Nitrile groups are catabolized to the corresponding acid and ammonia through one-step reaction involving a nitrilase. Here, we report the use of bioinformatic and biochemical tools to identify and characterize the nitrilase (NitPf5) from Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf-5. The nitPf5 gene was identified via sequence analysis of the whole genome of P. fluorescens(More)
A novel β-glucosidase (BGL)-producing strain was isolated and identified as Penicillium purpurogenum KJS506 based on its morphology and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA gene sequence. When rice straw and corn steep powder were used as carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively, the maximal BGL activity of 12.3 U ml−1, one of the highest levels among(More)
The production of erythritol and the erythritol yield from glucose by Torula sp. were improved, in increasing order, by supplementing with 10 mg MnSO4 ⋅ 4H2O l−1, 2 mg CuSO4 ⋅ 5H2O l−1, and both 10 mg MnSO4 ⋅ 4H2O l−1 and 2 mg CuSO4 ⋅ 5H2O l−1. Mn2+ decreased the intracellular concentration of erythritol, whereas Cu2+ increased the activity of erythrose(More)
An extracellular laccase-producing yeast was isolated from soil and identified as Yarrowia lipolytica by its morphology and by comparison of its internal transcribed spacer rDNA gene sequence. Extracellular laccase (YlLac) from Y. lipolytica was purified to homogeneity by anion-exchange and gel filtration chromatography. YlLac is a monomeric glycoprotein(More)
The production yield of Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) from the sucrose consumed by Agrobacterium tumefaciens KCCM 10413 decreased, and high levels of exopolysaccharide (EPS) accumulated after switching from batch culture to fed-batch culture. Therefore, we examined the effect of sucrose concentration on the fermentation profile by A. tumefaciens. In the continuous(More)
The yeast Torula corallina is a strong erythritol producer that is used in the industrial production of erythritol. However, melanin accumulation during culture represents a serious problem for the purification of erythritol from the fermentation broth. Melanin biosynthesis inhibitors such as 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine and 1,8-dihydroxynaphthalene(More)
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an obligatory cofactor in the aerobic respiratory electron transfer for energy generation, is formed from the conjugation of a benzoquinone ring with a hydrophobic isoprenoid chain. CoQ10 is now used as a nutritional supplement because of its antioxidant properties and is beneficial in the treatment of several human diseases when(More)
This report describes the optimization of culture conditions for coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) production by Agrobacterium tumefaciens KCCM 10413, an identified high-CoQ10-producing strain (Kim et al., Korean patent. 10-0458818, 2002b). Among the conditions tested, the pH and the dissolved oxygen (DO) levels were the key factors affecting CoQ10 production. When the(More)