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STUDY DESIGN Prospective case-control study of multifidus muscle atrophy in 39 patients with unilateral lumbosacral radiculopathy and lumbosacral disc herniation and 20 controls. OBJECTIVE To evaluate quantitatively the asymmetry of multifidus muscles in unilateral lumbosacral radiculopathy with disc herniation (herniated intervertebral disc; HIVD) by(More)
Dorsal root (DR) axons regenerate in the PNS but turn around or stop at the dorsal root entry zone (DREZ), the entrance into the CNS. Earlier studies that relied on conventional tracing techniques or postmortem analyses attributed the regeneration failure to growth inhibitors and lack of intrinsic growth potential. Here, we report the first in vivo imaging(More)
The choice of biomaterials available for regenerative medicine continues to grow rapidly, with new materials often claiming advantages over the short-comings of those already in existence. Going back to nature, collagen is one of the most abundant proteins in mammals and its role is essential to our way of life. It can therefore be obtained from many(More)
PURPOSE Three-phase bone scintigraphy (TPBS) is an objective diagnostic test for complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). The diagnostic importance of an increased uptake on the delayed phase has been proven in early CRPS, but that of the vascular and blood pool phases has not. The purpose of this study is to improve the diagnostic strength of the very acute(More)
BACKGROUND Electrospinning is a simple and effective method for fabricating micro- and nanofiber matrices. Electrospun fibre matrices have numerous advantages for use as tissue engineering scaffolds, such as high surface area-to-volume ratio, mass production capability and structural similarity to the natural extracellular matrix (ECM). Therefore,(More)
The viral vector-mediated overexpression of the defined transcription factors, Brn4/Pou3f4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc (BSKM), could induce the direct conversion of somatic fibroblasts into induced neural stem cells (iNSCs). However, viral vectors may be randomly integrated into the host genome thereby increasing the risk for undesired genotoxicity, mutagenesis,(More)
The spinal cord does not spontaneously regenerate, and treatment that ensures functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI) is still not available. Recently, fibroblasts have been directly converted into induced neural stem cells (iNSCs) by the forced expression defined transcription factors. Although directly converted iNSCs have been considered to be(More)
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is one of the major disabilities dealt with in clinical rehabilitation settings and is multifactorial in that the patients suffer from motor and sensory impairments as well as many other complications throughout their lifetimes. Many clinical trials have been documented during the last two decades to restore damaged spinal cords.(More)
This study examined the bone regeneration potential of a novel hybrid membrane consisting of collagen and nano-bioactive glass (nBG) incorporating basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) for use in guided bone regeneration. nBG was added to a reconstitution of collagen at a concentration of 30%, and the hybrid was formulated into a thin membrane. FGF2 (50(More)
Three-dimensional gel matrices provide specialized microenvironments that mimic native tissues and enable stem cells to grow and differentiate into specific cell types. Here, we show that collagen three-dimensional gel matrices prepared in combination with adhesive proteins, such as fibronectin (FN) and laminin (LN), provide significant cues to the(More)