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OBJECTIVE To assess the usefulness of the vitrification method in clinical practice. DESIGN Clinical study of vitrification of human oocytes. SETTING A university-affiliated hospital. PATIENT(S) Thirty-four patients who agreed to undergo additional IVF-ET after the failed fresh cycle using the previously vitrified/thawed oocytes. INTERVENTION(S)(More)
Human adult stem cells are a readily available multipotent cell source that can be used in regenerative medicine. Despite many advantages, including low tumorigenicity, their rapid senescence and limited plasticity have curtailed their use in cell-based therapies. In this study, we isolated CD34/CD73-double-positive (CD34(+)/CD73(+)) testicular stromal(More)
Although prolonged transgene expression in progenitor cells might be desirable for modified cell therapy, the viral promoter-based expression vector tends to promote transgene expression only for a limited period. Here, we examined the ability of cellular promoters from elongation factor-1alpha (EF-1alpha) and ubiquitin C to drive gene expression in(More)
Huntington’s disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) that is defined by a CAG expansion in exon 1 of the huntingtin gene leading to the production of mutant huntingtin (mHtt). To date, the disease pathophysiology has been thought to be primarily driven by cell-autonomous mechanisms, but, here, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) polymorphisms (-2578C>A, -1154G>A, -634G>C, 936C>T) with idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) in Koreans. DESIGN Prospective case-control study. SETTING University-based hospital. PATIENT(S) Two hundred and fifteen patients with a history of two or more(More)
With the emerging role of hematopoietic stem cells as potential gene and cell therapy vehicles, there is an increasing need for safe and effective nonviral gene delivery systems. Here, we report that gene transfer and transfection efficiency in human hematopoietic and cord blood CD34+ cells can be enhanced by the use of low molecular weight polyethylenimine(More)
Normal pregnancy requires a series of immunological, metabolic, vascular and endocrine regulating processes. However, the specific genes and proteins involved in these processes are not well defined. Aberration of these processes may lead to problems in pregnancy. One of these problems may be recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Little information is available(More)
The objective was to investigate the association between idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and 3 SLC19A1 polymorphisms (-43T>C, 80G>A, and 696C>T). DNA from 269 patients with RSA and 125 controls were genotyped for the 3 SLC19A1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism.(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the effect of vitrification using slush nitrogen (SN(2)) on cryopreservation of micromanipulated mouse embryos. METHODS The zona pellucida of 4-cell embryos was either left intact or dissected or dissected with biopsy of an intact blastomere. In a second study, a blastomere was destroyed and either removed (removed group)(More)
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a major side effect of chemotherapy in young cancer patients. To develop pharmaceutical agents for preserving fertility, it is necessary to understand the mechanisms responsible for chemotherapy-induced follicle loss. Here, we show that treatment with cisplatin, a widely used anticancer drug, depleted the dormant follicle(More)