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Survival of naive T cells is dependent upon IL-7, which is present in vivo in limiting amounts with the result that naive T cells must compete for IL-7-mediated survival signals. It would seem imperative during T cell homeostasis that limiting IL-7 be shared by the greatest possible number of T cells. We now describe a novel regulatory mechanism that(More)
Clonal deletion of autoreactive thymocytes is important for self-tolerance, but the intrathymic signals that induce clonal deletion have not been clearly identified. We now report that clonal deletion during negative selection required CD28-mediated costimulation of autoreactive thymocytes at the CD4(+)CD8(lo) intermediate stage of differentiation.(More)
Following successful gene rearrangement at alphabeta T-cell receptor (TCR) loci, developing thymocytes express both CD4 and CD8 co-receptors and undergo a life-or-death selection event, which is known as positive selection, to identify cells that express TCRs with potentially useful ligand specificities. Positively selected thymocytes must then(More)
The thymus generates major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-restricted alphabetaT cells that only recognize antigenic ligands in association with MHC or MHC-like molecules. We hypothesized that MHC specificity might be imposed on a broader alphabetaTCR repertoire during thymic selection by CD4 and CD8 coreceptors that bind and effectively sequester the(More)
Intrathymic T cell development depends on signals transduced by both T cell receptor and cytokine receptors. Early CD4(-)CD8(-) (double negative) thymocytes require interleukin (IL)-7 receptor (IL-7R) signals for survival and proliferation, but IL-7R signals are normally extinguished by the immature single positive (ISP) stage of thymocyte development. We(More)
Thymidylate synthase (TS) overexpression is a key determinant of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) resistance in human cancer cells. TS is also acutely up-regulated with 5-FU treatment, and, thus, novel strategies targeting TS down-regulation seem to be promising in terms of modulating 5-FU resistance. Here, we report that histone deacetylase inhibitors can reverse(More)
T cell immunity requires the long-term survival of T cells that are capable of recognizing self antigens but are not overtly autoreactive. How this balance is achieved remains incompletely understood. Here we identify a homeostatic mechanism that transcriptionally tailors CD8 coreceptor expression in individual CD8+ T cells to the self-specificity of their(More)
The molecular basis of the antitumor selectivity of histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) remains unclear. Centrosomal Aurora-A kinase regulates chromosomal segregation during mitosis. The overexpression or amplification of Aurora-A leads to genetic instability, and its inhibition has shown significant antitumor effects. In this paper, we report that(More)
The expression of hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha protein is tightly regulated by cellular oxygen status. Namely, HIF-1alpha protein is degraded rapidly in normoxic cells, whereas hypoxia stabilizes HIF-1alpha to transactivate hypoxia-responsive genes. Here we show that HIF-1alpha protein is expressed aberrantly in gastric cancer cells under normoxia(More)
Interleukin-7 receptor α (IL-7Rα) is essential for T cell survival and differentiation. Glucocorticoids are potent enhancers of IL-7Rα expression with diverse roles in T cell biology. Here we identify the transcriptional repressor, growth factor independent-1 (Gfi1), as a novel intermediary in glucocorticoid-induced IL-7Rα up-regulation. We found Gfi1 to be(More)