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UNLABELLED The recent advances in molecular imaging techniques, using cancer-targeting nanoparticle probes, provide noninvasive tracking information on cancer cells in living subjects. Here, we report a multimodal cancer-targeted imaging system capable of concurrent fluorescence imaging, radionuclide imaging, and MRI in vivo. METHODS A cobalt-ferrite(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of interlaminar (IL) and bilateral transforaminal (TF) epidural steroid injections (ESIs) for pain reduction in patients with axial back pain resulting from herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD) and spinal stenosis (SS). METHODS Patients reporting axial back pain without radiation(More)
BACKGROUND Several controversies exist regarding the superiority of double-bundle (DB) posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) reconstruction versus single-bundle (SB) reconstruction, although DB reconstruction has been shown to restore the intact knee kinematics more closely than SB reconstruction. HYPOTHESIS Double-bundle PCL reconstruction will present(More)
PURPOSE This study was to compare the effectiveness of the translaminar, caudal, and transforaminal technique with small and large volume of injectate in the treatment of lumbosacral herniation of intervetebral disc (HIVD) or spinal stenosis (SS). METHOD Medical records reviewed retrospectively were of patients with radicular pain over 3 months and had(More)
PURPOSE The purposes of this study are to confirm factors that affect the diameter of hamstring tendon autograft and to compare failure rates between the factors after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS A total of 296 patients that underwent reconstruction using hamstring tendon autograft at our clinics for ACL injury between(More)
PURPOSE To assess the effectiveness of strengthening exercises of the lower limbs on improvement of muscle strength and gait function. METHOD Those included were diagnosed as spastic diplegic or hemiplegic type of cerebral palsy (CP) and verified as grade 2 or 3 of the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS). Participants were divided into an(More)
An understanding of neovascularization and/or angiogenesis in cancer is acutely required for effective cancer therapy due to concerns about tumor growth and metastasis. In particular, integrin αvβ3 is closely associated with cell migration and invasion during angiogenesis. Hence, we developed aptamer(αvβ3)-conjugated magnetic nanoparticles (Apt(αvβ3)-MNPs)(More)
BACKGROUND Because adipose-tissue-derived stromal cell (ADSC) is readily accessible and abundant in stem cell, ADSC may be a better candidate for cell therapy and tissue engineering. This study investigated the potential of ADSC implantation to restore disc in a rat IVD model. METHODS The first coccygeal disc segments of a Sprague-Dawley rat was left(More)
To assess the dependence on age of the expression of apoptosis regulatory proteins in the human semitendinosus muscle, we measured the expression levels of several apoptosis-related genes, including apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF), Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3 and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), using RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry and TUNEL assays. We found that the(More)
Chemically modified nucleotides have been developed and applied into SELEX procedure to find a novel type of aptamers to fit with targets of interest. In this study, we directly performed chemical modification of 5-(N-benzylcarboxyamide)-2'-deoxyuridine (called 5-BzdU) in the AS1411 aptamer, which binds to the nucleolin protein expressed in cancer cells.(More)