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Acinetobacter baumannii is an important nosocomial pathogen that causes a high morbidity and mortality rate in infected patients, but pathogenic mechanisms of this microorganism regarding the secretion and delivery of virulence factors to host cells have not been characterized. Gram-negative bacteria naturally secrete outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) that(More)
Rutaecarpine has recently been characterized to have an anti-inflammatory activity through cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition. The incubation of rutaecarpine with human liver microsomes in the presence of NADPH generated six isobaric mono-hydroxylated metabolites. The specific cytochrome P450 (CYP) isozymes responsible for rutaecarpine metabolites were identified(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia presenting as leukemia cutis (LC) with hepatocellular carcinoma is extremely rare. The current study presents a case of a 53-year-old male with generalized cutaneous nodules on the face and anterior chest wall. Laboratory tests, including bone marrow biopsy revealed acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AML-M4) with skin and tonsilar(More)
Inflammation is an important part of the innate immune response and is involved in the healing of many disease processes; however, chronic inflammation is a harmful component of many diseases. The regulatory mechanisms of inflammation are incompletely understood. One possible regulatory mechanism is the endocannabinoid system. Endocannabinoids such as(More)
A novel coumarin-based fluorogenic probe bearing the 2-picolyl unit (1) was developed as a fluorescent chemosensor with high selectivity and suitable affinity in biological systems toward Cu(2+) over other cations tested. The fluorescence on-off mechanism was studied by femtosecond time-resolved fluorescence (TRF) upconversion technique and ab initio(More)
Diabetes mellitus has been known to mitigate ischemic or pharmacologic preconditioning in ischemia-reperfusion injuries. Remifentanil is a widely used opioid in cardiac anesthesia that possesses a cardioprotective effect against ischemia-reperfusion. We evaluated whether diabetes affected remifentanil preconditioning induced cardioprotection in(More)
Host cell pathology induced by nuclear targeting of bacterial proteins has recently been identified as a pathogenic mechanism of bacteria. However, very few bacterial proteins were identified to target the nuclei of host cells. This study was designed to screen nuclear targeting proteins with nuclear localization signals (NLSs) in Helicobacter pylori using(More)
Gram-negative bacteria produce outer membrane vesicles that play a role in the delivery of virulence factors to host cells. However, little is known about the membrane-derived vesicles (MVs) produced by gram-positive bacteria. The present study examined the production of MVs from Staphylococcus aureus and investigated the delivery of MVs to host cells and(More)
In this study, we examined the use of polyethyleneimine (PEI) as a carrier for gene delivery in human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (hADSCs). These multipotent cells can form bone, cartilage, adipose, and other connective tissues. In primary culture, hADSCs are fibroblastic in appearance in primary culture, and they show a high rate of proliferation for(More)