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The definition of fat differs in different countries; thus whether fat is listed on food labels depends on the country. Some countries list crude fat content in the 'Fat' section on the food label, whereas other countries list total fat. In this study, three methods were used for determining fat classes and content in bakery products: the Folch method, the(More)
In this study, total (T-Hg) and methyl mercury (Me-Hg) contamination was investigated in fishery products including canned fish, fish sauces, dried bonito and frozen tuna sashimi, collected from retail markets in Korea, to assess dietary exposure. Direct mercury analyser and gas chromatography-electron captured detector were employed to measure T-Hg and(More)
Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were assembled using natural dyes extracted from red cabbage as a sensitizer. In this work, we investigated the adsorption characteristics and the electrochemical behavior for harvesting sunlight and electron transfer in red cabbage DSSCs under different solvents and pH. For the red cabbage dye-sensitized electrode(More)
OBJECTIVES Dietary intake of tin (Sn) may be increased in some children in kindergartens in Korea. The present study was intended to examine this possibility and clarify the extent of the elevation. METHODS 24-hour food duplicate and spot urine samples were collected in 2003-2004 from 108 4-6-year-old children (boys and girls combined) in 4 kindergartens(More)
To use amphiphilic polymer nanoparticles as a new nano-absorbent for improving environmental process, urethane acrylate nonionomer (UAN) chain having hydrophobic polypropylene oxide-based segment and hydrophilic polyethylene oxide-based segment at the same backbone was synthesized and dispersed as nanoparticles at water phase without using a surfactant or(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the toxic metal content (Pb, As, Cd and Hg) of 52 frequently prescribed herbal medicines and to identify herbal medicines that exceed the Korea Food and Drug Administration (KFDA) maximum limits. A total of 3534 samples, including 1966 domestic samples and 1568 imported samples, were analysed using an Inductively(More)
Two natural dyes extracted from gardenia yellow (Gardenia jasminoides) and cochineal (Dactylopius coccus) were used as sensitizers in the assembly of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) to harvest light over a wide range of wavelengths. The adsorption characteristics, electrochemical properties and photovoltaic efficiencies of the natural DSSCs were(More)
Three natural dyes, i.e., yellow, red, and blue, were extracted from gardenia and used as sensitizers in the assembly of rainbow dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) to harvest light over a wide range of wavelengths. The adsorption characteristics, photovoltaic efficiencies, and electrochemical properties of the rainbow DSSCs were investigated. Adsorption(More)
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