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Calumenin is a multiple EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding protein localized in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) with C-terminal SR retention signal HDEF. Recently, we showed evidence that calumenin interacts with SERCA2 in rat cardiac SR (Sahoo, S. K., and Kim, D. H. (2008) Mol. Cells 26, 265-269). The present study was undertaken to further characterize the(More)
E2-25K/Hip2 is an unusual ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme that interacts with the frameshift mutant of ubiquitin B (UBB(+1)) and has been identified as a crucial factor regulating amyloid-β neurotoxicity. To study the structural basis of the neurotoxicity mediated by the E2-25K-UBB(+1) interaction, we determined the three-dimensional structures of UBB(+1),(More)
The interaction of the rhomboid pseudoprotease Derlin-1 and p97 is crucial for the retrotranslocation of polyubiquitinated substrates in the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation pathway. We report a 2.25 Å resolution structure of the p97 N-terminal domain (p97N) in complex with the Derlin-1 SHP motif. Remarkably, the SHP motif adopts a short,(More)
RHBDL4 is an active rhomboid that specifically recognizes and cleaves atypical, positively charged transmembrane endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) substrates. Interaction of valosin-containing protein (p97/VCP) and RHBDL4 is crucial to retrotranslocate polyubiquitinated substrates for ERAD pathway. Here, we report the first complex(More)
In Gram-negative bacteria, proper placement of the FtsZ ring, mediated by nucleoid occlusion and the activities of the dynamic oscillating Min proteins MinC, MinD and MinE, is required for correct positioning of the cell division septum. MinE is a topological specificity factor that counters the activity of MinCD division inhibitor at the mid-cell division(More)
Three isoforms of pig PDE4B were cloned and classified as two forms: PDE4B1 and PDE4B3, which contain UCR1 and UCR2; and PDE4B2, which contains only UCR2. The amino acid sequences of each isoform showed good conservation in human and rat. PDE4B2 is expressed in a wide range of tissues, but PDE4B1 and PDE4B3 are not. Using an informative SNP for the Iberian(More)
Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are intracellular Ca(2+) release channels (CRCs) that play a pivotal role in cellular Ca(2+) signaling. In striated muscles, RyR-mediated Ca(2+) release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) induces elevation of cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration and subsequent muscle contraction. Evidence from various sources suggests that RyRs in(More)
The aim of this study is to type fibers from porcine longissimus dorsi (LD) muscles according to their distribution of myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms as well as to investigate fiber characteristics. Four pure types, including types I, IIA, IIX, and IIB were labeled and two hybrid fiber types were subdivided into type IIAX and IIXB by immunohistochemistry(More)
OBJECTIVE Oral malodor can be increased in breath of liver patients. However, no study has been performed for the association between volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) and viral hepatitis. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between viral hepatitis and VSCs. METHODS This study analyzed 182 subjects and measured hydrogen sulfide(More)
The mitochondrial calcium uniporter (MCU) is responsible for mitochondrial calcium uptake and homeostasis. It is also a target for the regulation of cellular anti-/pro-apoptosis and necrosis by several oncogenes and tumour suppressors. Herein, we report the crystal structure of the MCU N-terminal domain (NTD) at a resolution of 1.50 Å in a novel fold and(More)