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The memory reconsolidation hypothesis suggests that a memory trace becomes labile after retrieval and needs to be reconsolidated before it can be stabilized. However, it is unclear from earlier studies whether the same synapses involved in encoding the memory trace are those that are destabilized and restabilized after the synaptic reactivation that(More)
—The unpredictable worst-case timing behavior of multicore architectures has been the biggest stumbling block for a widespread use of multicores in hard real-time systems. A great deal of research effort has been devoted to address the issue. Among others, the development of a new multicore architecture has emerged as an attractive solution because it can(More)
This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic and immuno-regulatory effects of electro-acupuncture (EA) at ST36 on Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice. Male DBA/1J mice were divided into five groups: Normal, Control, NR (needle retention), EAI and EAII. All mice except those in the normal group were immunized with Collagen II(More)
Security violations are becoming more common in real-time systems - an area that was considered to be invulnerable in the past - as evidenced by the recent W32.Stuxnet and Duqu worms. A failure to protect such systems from malicious entities could result in significant harm to both humans as well as the environment. The increasing use of multicore(More)
Perillae fructus (perilla seed) is a traditional medicinal herb used to treat bronchial asthma in Oriental medical clinics. ST36 is one of the most widely used acupuncture points, particularly for immune system regulation. Injection of an herbal extract into an acupuncture point (herbal acupuncture) is a therapeutic technique combining both acupuncture and(More)
Osterix (Osx) has been identified as an osteoblast-specific transcription factor that is required for skeletogenesis. Here, we examined the expression of Osx in non-skeletal tissues. Together with a high expression in bones, Osx was expressed in the mouse brain, and its expression gradually increased during postnatal developmental periods.(More)
A recombinant putative N-acyl-d-glucosamine 2-epimerase from Dictyoglomus turgidum was identified as a cellobiose 2-epimerase by evaluating its substrate specificity. The purified enzyme was a 46 kDa monomer with a specific activity of 16.8 μmol min−1 mg−1 for cellobiose. The epimerization activity was maximal at pH 7.0 and 70 °C with a half-life of 55 h.(More)
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have well-documented roles in plant-plant communication and directing animal behavior. In this study, we examine the less understood roles of VOCs in plant-fungal relationships. Phylogenetically and ecologically diverse strains of Fusarium oxysporum, a fungal species complex that often resides in the rhizosphere of assorted(More)
Fusarium graminearum is an important plant pathogen that causes head blight of major cereal crops. The fungus produces mycotoxins that are harmful to animal and human. In this study, a systematic analysis of 17 phenotypes of the mutants in 657 Fusarium graminearum genes encoding putative transcription factors (TFs) resulted in a database of over 11,000(More)
The translation of polioviral mRNA occurs through an internal ribosomal entry site (IRES). Several RNA-binding proteins, such as polypyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTB) and poly(rC)-binding protein (PCBP), are required for the poliovirus IRES-dependent translation. Here we report that a poliovirus protein, 3C(pro) (and/or 3CD(pro)), cleaves PTB isoforms(More)