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Extensive work on the maturation of lagging strands during the replication of simian virus 40 DNA suggests that the initiator RNA primers of Okazaki fragments are removed by the combined action of two nucleases, RNase HI and Fen1, before the Okazaki fragments join. Despite the well established in vitro roles of these two enzymes, genetic analyses in yeast(More)
Fusarium graminearum is an important plant pathogen that causes head blight of major cereal crops. The fungus produces mycotoxins that are harmful to animal and human. In this study, a systematic analysis of 17 phenotypes of the mutants in 657 Fusarium graminearum genes encoding putative transcription factors (TFs) resulted in a database of over 11,000(More)
The unpredictable worst-case timing behavior of multicore architectures has been the biggest stumbling block for a widespread use of multicores in hard real-time systems. A great deal of research effort has been devoted to address the issue. Among others, the development of a new multicore architecture has emerged as an attractive solution because it can(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Our purpose was to investigate transient MR signal changes on periictal MR images of patients with generalized tonicoclonic seizure or status epilepticus and to evaluate the clinical significance of these findings for differential diagnosis and understanding of the pathophysiology of seizure-induced brain changes. METHODS Eight(More)
BACKGROUND Only a few clinical trials have been conducted in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer after failure of first-line gemcitabine-based chemotherapy. Therefore, there is no current consensus on the treatment of these patients. We conducted a randomised phase II study of the modified FOLFIRI.3 (mFOLFIRI.3; a regimen combining 5-fluorouracil(More)
betaig-h3 is a TGF-beta-induced matrix protein known to mediate the adhesion of several cell types. In this study, we found that all four of the fas-1 domains in betaig-h3 mediate MRC-5 fibroblast adhesion and that this was specifically inhibited by a function-blocking monoclonal antibody specific for the alphavbeta5 integrin. Using deletion mutants of the(More)
A putative N-acyl-d-glucosamine 2-epimerase from Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant enzyme was identified as a cellobiose 2-epimerase by the analysis of the activity for substrates, acid-hydrolyzed products, and amino acid sequence. The cellobiose 2-epimerase was purified with a specific(More)
Beta ig-h3 is a transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-induced cell-adhesive molecule and has an RGD sequence at its C-terminus. A previous report suggested that beta ig-h3 normally undergoes carboxy-terminal processing that results in the loss of the RGD sequence. RGD peptides appear to play various roles in cell function. Here we show that the RGD(More)
The translation of polioviral mRNA occurs through an internal ribosomal entry site (IRES). Several RNA-binding proteins, such as polypyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTB) and poly(rC)-binding protein (PCBP), are required for the poliovirus IRES-dependent translation. Here we report that a poliovirus protein, 3C(pro) (and/or 3CD(pro)), cleaves PTB isoforms(More)
The immunomodulatory effect of probiotics has been shown mainly in gastro-intestinal immune disorders and little information is available on the inflammation of central nervous system. Recently we reported that IRT5 probiotics, a mixture of 5 probiotics, could suppress diverse experimental inflammatory disorders. In this study, we evaluated the prophylactic(More)