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This study was conducted to determine the effects of UV-A and UV-B wavelengths on the growth and content of antioxidant phenolic compounds in sowthistle (Ixeris dentata Nakai), a medicinal plant, grown in a closed plant-production system. In study I, sowthistle plants were continuously exposed to UV-A light. In study II, two UV treatments [repeated UV-B(More)
Irrigation frequency is one of the major factors required for adequate irrigation control in soilless culture. In order to investigate the effect of irrigation frequency on transpiration, growth, fruit yield, and water use efficiency, the paprika plants (Capsicum annuum L.) were compared under different irrigation frequencies based on solar radiation in(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of physicochemical properties of inorganic supporting materials on the growth of potato plantlets in a nutrient-circulated photoautotrophic micropropagation (NCM) system. Nine mixtures consisting of combinations of perlite and/or vermiculite with three particle sizes (PL, PM, and PS = perlite large,(More)
The moisture content (MC) and electrical conductivity (EC) in substrates are major root-zone environmental factors that affect the transpiration rate and subsequent plant growth in soilless culture. For maintaining optimum root-zone environments, efficient real-time irrigation control is required based on the substrate EC, substrate MC, and transpiration.(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the growth characteristics of sowthistle (Ixeris dentata Nakai) under different levels of light intensity (photosynthetic photon flux, PPF), electrical conductivity (EC) of nutrient solution, and planting density for efficient production in a closed-type plant factory system. Growth and yield of the plants were(More)
For the production of plants in controlled environments such as greenhouses and plant factories, crop modeling and simulations are effective tools for configuring the optimal growth environment. The objective of this study was to develop a coupled photosynthetic model of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) reflecting plant factory conditions. Light response(More)
Photosynthetic models of crops are essential for predicting the optimum CO2 concentrations that should be maintained for crop productivity in closed systems throughout the growth period. The objective of this study was to develop a canopy photosynthetic model of romaine lettuce (Lactuca sativa L., cv. Asia Heuk romaine) incorporating CO2 concentration and(More)
The ice plant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L.), a medicinal plant with well-known effects on retarding diabetes mellitus, is increasingly being produced in plant factories in Asia. The ice plant is a Crassulacean Acid Metabolism (CAM) plant, but performs C3 photosynthesis during the juvenile period. The objective of this study was to develop a(More)
Current LED-based artificial lights for crop cultivation consist of red and blue lights because these spectra effectively promote leaf photosynthesis. However, the absence of green light could be disadvantageous for crop production, as green light plays an important role in plant development. The objective of this study was to investigate whether adding(More)
Canopy photosynthesis has typically been estimated using mathematical models that have the following assumptions: the light interception inside the canopy exponentially declines with the canopy depth, and the photosynthetic capacity is affected by light interception as a result of acclimation. However, in actual situations, light interception in the canopy(More)