Jung-Do Choi

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A reliable model of tobacco acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS) was obtained by homology modeling based on a yeast AHAS X-ray structure using the Swiss-Model server. Conserved residues at the dimer interface were identified, of which the functional roles of four residues, namely H142, E143, M489, and M542, were determined by site-directed mutagenesis. Eight(More)
AHAS (acetohydroxyacid synthase) catalyses the first committed step in the biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids, such as valine, leucine and isoleucine. Owing to the unique presence of these biosynthetic pathways in plants and micro-organisms, AHAS has been widely investigated as an attractive target of several classes of herbicides. Recently, the(More)
Acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) is a thiamin diphosphate- (ThDP-) and FAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthetic pathway of the branched-amino acids such as leucine, isoleucine, and valine. The genes of AHAS from Mycobacterium tuberculosis were cloned, and overexpressed in E. coli and purified to homogeneity. The purified(More)
Acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS, EC 2.2.1.6; also known as acetolactate synthase, ALS) catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthesis of valine, leucine, and isoleucine in plants and microorganisms. AHAS is the target of several classes of herbicides. In the present study, the role of three well-conserved arginine residues (R141, R372, and R376) in(More)
Acetolactate synthase (ALS) catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthesis of valine, leucine, and isoleucine. The ALS is the target of several classes of herbicides, including the sulfonylureas, the imidazolinones, and the triazolopyrimidines. The roles of three well-conserved lysine residues (K219, K255, K299) in tobacco ALS were determined using(More)
The enzyme AHAS (acetohydroxy acid synthase), which is involved in the biosynthesis of valine, leucine and isoleucine, is the target of several classes of herbicides. A model of tobacco AHAS was generated based on the X-ray structure of yeast AHAS. Well conserved residues at the herbicide-binding site were identified, and the roles of three of these(More)
Acetolactate synthase (ALS) catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthesis of valine, leucine, and isoleucine. ALS is the target of several classes of herbicides, including the sulfonylureas, the imidazolinones, and the triazolopyrimidines. The conserved methionine residues of ALS from plants were identified by multiple sequence alignment using(More)
The present study introduces a new approach to determining optimal electrode positions in transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Electric field and 3D conduction current density were analyzed using 3D finite element method (FEM) formulated for a dc conduction problem. The electrode positions for minimal current injection were optimized by changing(More)
Phosphomannose isomerase (PMI) catalyzes the interconversion of fructose-6-phosphate and mannose-6-phosphate in the extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) synthesis pathway. The gene encoding PMI in Sphingomonas chungbukensis DJ77 was cloned and expressed in E. coli. The pmi gene is 1,410 nucleotides long and the deduced amino acid sequence shares high homology(More)
Acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS) is one of several enzymes that require thiamine diphosphate and a divalent cation as essential cofactors. Recently, the three-dimensional structure of the enzyme from yeast has been determined [Pang et al., J. Mol. Biol. 317 (2002) 249-262]. While this structure sheds light on the binding of the cofactors and the reaction(More)