Jung-Do Choi

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Acetolactate synthase (ALS) catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthesis of valine, leucine, and isoleucine. ALS is the target of several classes of herbicides, including the sulfonylureas, the imidazolinones, and the triazolopyrimidines. The conserved methionine residues of ALS from plants were identified by multiple sequence alignment using(More)
A reliable model of tobacco acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS) was obtained by homology modeling based on a yeast AHAS X-ray structure using the Swiss-Model server. Conserved residues at the dimer interface were identified, of which the functional roles of four residues, namely H142, E143, M489, and M542, were determined by site-directed mutagenesis. Eight(More)
Acetolactate synthase (ALS) catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthesis of valine, leucine, and isoleucine. The ALS is the target of several classes of herbicides, including the sulfonylureas, the imidazolinones, and the triazolopyrimidines. The roles of three well-conserved lysine residues (K219, K255, K299) in tobacco ALS were determined using(More)
The present study introduces a new approach to determining optimal electrode positions in transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Electric field and 3D conduction current density were analyzed using 3D finite element method (FEM) formulated for a dc conduction problem. The electrode positions for minimal current injection were optimized by changing(More)
The enzyme AHAS (acetohydroxy acid synthase), which is involved in the biosynthesis of valine, leucine and isoleucine, is the target of several classes of herbicides. A model of tobacco AHAS was generated based on the X-ray structure of yeast AHAS. Well conserved residues at the herbicide-binding site were identified, and the roles of three of these(More)
Acetolactate synthase (ALS) catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthesis of valine, leucine, and isoleucine. ALS is the target site for several classes of herbicides, including sulfonylureas, imidazolinones, and triazolopyrimidines. Two forms of ALS (designated ALS I and ALS II) were separated from barley shoots by heparin affinity column(More)
Acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) is a thiamin diphosphate- (ThDP-) and FAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthetic pathway of the branched-amino acids such as leucine, isoleucine, and valine. The genes of AHAS from Mycobacterium tuberculosis were cloned, and overexpressed in E. coli and purified to homogeneity. The purified(More)
Acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS) (EC 4.1.3.18) is a target of commercially available herbicides such as sulfonylurea, imidazolinone, and triazolopyrimidine. In plants and microorganisms, AHAS catalyzes the first common reaction in the biosynthesis pathways leading to leucine, isoleucine and valine. Intensive studies using different approaches - including(More)
Acetohydroxy acid synthase (AHAS) catalyzes the first common step in the biosynthesis pathway of the branch chain amino acids in plants and microorganisms. A great deal of interest has been focused on AHAS since it was identified as the target of several classes of potent herbicides. In an effort to produce a mutant usable in the development of an(More)
AHAS (acetohydroxyacid synthase) catalyses the first committed step in the biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids, such as valine, leucine and isoleucine. Owing to the unique presence of these biosynthetic pathways in plants and micro-organisms, AHAS has been widely investigated as an attractive target of several classes of herbicides. Recently, the(More)