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OBJECTIVES Overall obesity, as measured by body mass index (BMI), has been associated with a low level of health-related quality of life (HRQOL), but little is known about abdominal obesity. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine whether abdominal obesity, as measured by waist circumference (WC), would be significantly associated with HRQOL(More)
Pleurocidin (Ple) is a 25-residue peptide which is derived from the skin mucous secretion of the winter flounder (Pleuronectes americanus). In this study, we investigated antifungal effects and its mode of action of Ple on human pathogenic fungi. Ple showed potent antifungal activity with low hemolytic activity. To investigate the antifungal mechanisms of(More)
To develop novel antibiotic peptides useful as therapeutic drugs, the enantiomeric analogue of pleurocidin (Ple), which is a well known 25-mer antimicrobial peptide, was designed for proteolytic resistance by D-amino acids substitution. The proteolytic resistance was confirmed by using HPLC after the digestion with various proteases. To investigate the(More)
Protaetiamycine is an insect defensin, a naturally occurring 43-amino-acid-residue antimicrobial peptide derived from the larvae of the beetle Protaetia brevitarsis. In a previous work that aimed at developing short antibiotic peptides, we designed 9-mer peptide analogs of protaetiamycine. Among them, RLWLAIGRG-NH2 showed good antifungal activity against(More)
Coprisin is a 43-mer defensin-like peptide from the dung beetle, Copris tripartitus. Here, we investigated the induction of apoptosis by coprisin in Candida albicans cells. Coprisin exerted antifungal and fungicidal activity without any hemolytic effect. Confocal microscopy indicated that coprisin accumulated in the nucleus of cells. The membrane studies,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Elevated blood pressure (BP) is commonly observed in acute ischemic stroke and is known to be associated with hemorrhagic transformation (HT). However, the effect of BP variability on the development of HT is not known well. METHODS A consecutive series of patients with acute ischemic stroke, who were hospitalized within 24 hours of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inhospital medical complications account for a considerable portion of deaths during the early stage of stroke. However, relatively few studies have examined their long-term effects on mortality in stroke patients. METHODS We prospectively and consecutively collected data on 579 patients with acute ischemic stroke from November 1998(More)
OBJECTIVE A retrospective study was performed in order to analyze the treatment results and prognostic factors in patients with T3 supraglottic carcinoma and to differentiate between the treatment results obtained for T3 transglottic carcinoma and T3 pure supraglottic carcinoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty-two patients who underwent surgery with or(More)
OBJECTIVE We aimed to study various measures of blood pressure (BP) in the subacute phase of ischemic stroke to determine whether any of them predicted clinical outcome. METHODS In this retrospective observational study, a consecutive series of patients hospitalized for ischemic stroke within 48 hours of onset were enrolled. The subacute stage of stroke(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Estimating age- and sex-specific population attributable risks (PARs) of major risk factors for stroke may be a useful strategy to identify risk factors for targeting preventive strategies. METHODS For this case-control matched study, consecutive patients aged 18-90 years and admitted to nine nationwide hospitals with acute ischemic(More)