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Two populations of mitochondria were observed upon ultrastructural examination of cardiac muscle tissue, one located directly beneath the sarcolemma (subsarcolemmal mitochondria) and another between the myofibrils (interfibrillar mitochondria). Subsarcolemmal mitochondria were released by treatment of heart muscle with a Polytron tissue processor, while(More)
The Ca2+ -uptake capacity of two distinct populations of rat heart mitochondria was characterized by monitoring Ca2+ movements directly (using both 45Ca and dual-wavelength spectroscopy) and indirectly (monitoring effects of Ca2+ on respiration, enzyme release, and morphology). Interfibrillar mitochondria accumulated up to 930 nmol/mg protein, whereas the(More)
BACKGROUND The authors previously reported that secondary carnitine deficiency may sensitize the heart to bupivacaine-induced arrhythmias. In this study, the authors tested whether bupivacaine inhibits carnitine metabolism in cardiac mitochondria. METHODS Rat cardiac interfibrillar mitochondria were prepared using a differential centrifugation technique.(More)
Differences in oxidative metabolism between subsarcolemmal and interfibrillar heart mitochondria were investigated. Interfibrillar mitochondria oxidized substrates donating reducing equivalents at Complex I (NADH-CoQ reductase), Complex II (succinate-CoQ reductase), and Complex III (CoQH2-cytochrome c reductase) more rapidly than did subsarcolemmal(More)
Ca2+ release from liver mitochondria induced by N-ethylmaleimide, diamide, inorganic phosphate, palmitoyl-coenzyme A, and oxaloacetate occurs by a common mechanism. With all agents, a collapse of membrane potential, uptake of hydrogen ion, progressive acceleration of respiration, and large amplitude swelling accompanies Ca2+ release. These findings indicate(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) spend 5-7 days in hospital even though only 4.5% will develop serious complications during this time. In particular, the group of patients with incidentally diagnosed PE (i-PE) includes many patients with low risk features potentially ideal for outpatient management; however the evidence for their(More)