Learn More
The effects of removing chondroitin sulfate from chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan molecules on guidance of retinal ganglion cell axons at the optic chiasm were investigated in a brain slice preparation of mouse embryos of embryonic day 13 to 15. Slices were grown for 5 hours and growth of dye-labeled axons was traced through the chiasm. After continuous(More)
The formation of the sensory neurite plexus on the basal lamina of trunk skin in Xenopus embryos has been examined using the scanning electron microscope. It is formed by Rohon-Beard and extramedullary neurons which provide the first sensory innervation of the skin. By observing the distribution of growth cones on the inside surface of the skin of embryos(More)
Changes in the optic nerve following a crush lesion and during axonal regeneration have been studied in Xenopus tadpoles, using ultrastructural and immunohistological methods. Degeneration of both unmyelinated and myelinated axons is very rapid and leads to the formation, within 5 days, of a nerve which consists largely of degeneration debris and cells.(More)
We have described the development of the primary sensory system of the trunk region of Xenopus laevis embryos from larval stages 21 to 32. The system is based upon Rohon-Beard and extramedullary cells, which have central axons forming a dorsolateral spinal tract and peripheral neurites which innervate the skin. The pioneer axons of the central tract grow(More)
The scanning electron microscope was used to examine the growth cones of sensory neurites on the basal lamina of the trunk skin and on the myotomes in dissected embryos of the amphibian, Xenopus laevis. On the myotomes growth cones are large and flat with extensive lamellipodia and many filopodia. On the skin growth cones are smaller and have simpler(More)
The mammalian optic chiasm is widely and properly regarded as a region where axons from the temporal retina take an uncrossed course and separate from axons arising in the nasal retina that take a crossed course. However, this is but a rough approximation of the adult situation, and developmental studies must take account of several distinctive stages and(More)
The growth of optic axons towards experimentally rotated tecta has been studied. In stage 24/25 embryos, a piece of the dorsal neural tube, containing the dorsal midbrain rudiment, was rotated through 180 degrees. At later stages of development, the pathways of growing optic axons were investigated by labelling with either horseradish peroxidase or(More)
  • J S Taylor
  • 1991
The guidance of retinal ganglion cell axons has been investigated in embryos of the frog Xenopus. During the initial development of the brain a series of axon tracts are laid down forming a basic 'scaffold' or framework. Retinal axons grow through one of these tracts, the tract of the post-optic commissure (tPOC). This is the only tract that extends through(More)
In the central nervous system of fish and frogs, some, but not all, axons can regenerate. Retinal ganglion cells are among those that can. The retinae of fish and frogs produce new retinal neurons, including ganglion cells, for months or years after hatching. We have evaluated the hypothesis that retinal axonal regeneration is obligatorily linked to(More)