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The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the magnetic susceptibility of brain tissue and iron concentration. Phase shifts in gradient-echo images (TE = 60 ms) were measured in 21 human subjects, (age 0.7-45 years) and compared with published values of regional brain iron concentration. Phase was correlated with brain iron(More)
Suppression of the water signal during 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy by repeated sequences of a frequency-selective radiofrequency pulse and a gradient dephasing pulse requires nulling of the longitudinal component of the water magnetization and is therefore affected by T1 relaxation, RF-pulse flip angles (which depend on B1), and sequence timing. In(More)
PURPOSE To test the hypothesis that inadequate development of normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) is associated with the relationship between young age at the time of craniospinal irradiation (CRT) and deficient neurocognitive performance in survivors of childhood medulloblastoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty-two patients treated since 1985 participated in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Mutation of the neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) gene may be associated with abnormal growth control in the brain. Because macrocephaly could be a sign of abnormal brain development and because 30% to 50% of children with NF-1 display macrocephaly in the absence of hydrocephalus, we sought to determine the relationship between(More)
In 1979, a mass poisoning occurred in Taiwan from cooking oil contaminated by thermally degraded polychlorinated biphenyls. Because these chemicals persist in human tissue, children born to female patients after the outbreak were exposed in utero. In 1985, 117 children born to affected women and 108 unexposed controls were examined and evaluated. The(More)
Although previous studies have documented a significant risk of intellectual loss after treatment for childhood medulloblastoma (MED), the pathophysiology underlying this process is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to test the hypotheses that (1) patients treated for MED in childhood have reduced volumes of normal white matter (NWM) related(More)
To determine whether there were age-related changes in the brain tissue of 55 healthy adult volunteers (29 men, 26 women; 18-72 years old) without known brain abnormalities, a standard inversion-recovery technique was optimized for precise and accurate T1 measurement within the constraints of a 15-minute examination. Measurements of water proton T1 were(More)
Assessment of osteosarcoma response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy has prognostic implications, but conventional imaging techniques have been unable to provide an accurate quantitative measure of tumor response. We developed an analysis of dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DEMRI) to render an image of dynamic vector magnitudes (DVM) and to summarize the(More)
If chemotherapy is to be effective against bone sarcoma, the cytotoxic agents must reach all tumor cells in effective quantities. Although many clinical trials include studies of the pharmacokinetics of these agents in blood or cerebrospinal fluid, there have been no accurate or widely applicable methods of determining whether chemotherapeutic agents reach(More)