June R. Aprille

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Various lines of evidence indicate the presence of progressive pathophysiological processes occurring within the brains of patients with schizophrenia. By modulating chemical neurotransmission, antipsychotic drugs may influence a variety of functions regulating neuronal resilience and viability and have the potential for neuroprotection. This article(More)
We studied two related infants with a fatal mitochondrial disease, affecting muscle in one and liver in the other. Quantitative analysis revealed a severe depletion of mtDNA in affected tissues. This genetic abnormality was also observed in muscle of an unrelated infant with myopathy and in muscle and kidney of a fourth child with myopathy and nephropathy.(More)
Bioluminescent flashing is essential for firefly reproduction, yet the specific molecular mechanisms that control light production are not well understood. We report that light production by fireflies can be stimulated by nitric oxide (NO) gas in the presence of oxygen and that NO scavengers block bioluminescence induced by the neurotransmitter octopamine.(More)
A series of typical (chlorpromazine, haloperidol and thioridazine) and atypical (risperidone, quetiapine, clozapine and olanzapine) antipsychotics were tested for effects on integrated bioenergetic functions of isolated rat liver mitochondria. Polarographic measurement of oxygen consumption in freshly isolated mitochondria showed that electron transfer(More)
1. The aim of these studies was to investigate a mitochondrial basis for changes in gluconeogenesis during hibernation. 2. State 3 respiration rates in liver mitochondria from hibernating ground squirrels were reduced by 62-66%. The limiting reaction appeared to be electron transport, particularly in respiratory complex III. 3. The mitochondrial ATP + ADP +(More)
The mitochondrial ATP-Mg/P(i) carrier functions to modulate the matrix adenine nucleotide pool size (ATP + ADP + AMP). Micromolar Ca2+ is required to activate the carrier. Net adenine nucleotide transport occurs as an electroneutral divalent exchange of ATP-Mg2- for HPO4(2-). A steady-state adenine nucleotide pool size is attained when the HPO4(2-) and(More)
Traditional chemotherapies, aimed at DNA replication in rapidly dividing cells, have achieved only limited success in the treatment of carcinomas due largely to their lack of specificity for cells of tumorigenic origin. It is important, therefore, to investigate treatment strategies aimed at novel cellular targets that are sufficiently different between(More)
Using rat liver mitochondria we determined that the primary biochemical target for inhibition of mitochondrial bioenergetic function by rhodamine 123 (Rh123) was FoF1-ATPase and that the amount of Rh123 associated with mitochondria is proportional to the mitochondrial membrane potential. Inhibition of coupled respiration by Rh123 in mitochondria isolated(More)
Adenine nucleotide transport over the carboxyatractyloside-insensitive ATP-Mg/Pi carrier was assayed in isolated rat liver mitochondria with the aim of investigating a possible regulatory role for Ca2+ on carrier activity. Net changes in the matrix adenine nucleotide content (ATP + ADP + AMP) occur when ATP-Mg exchanges for Pi over this carrier. The rates(More)
The success of insects arises partly from extraordinary biochemical and physiological specializations. For example, most species lack glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and respiratory-gas transport proteins and thus allow oxygen to diffuse directly into cells. To counter the increased potential for oxidative damage, insect tissues rely on the(More)