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Various lines of evidence indicate the presence of progressive pathophysiological processes occurring within the brains of patients with schizophrenia. By modulating chemical neurotransmission, antipsychotic drugs may influence a variety of functions regulating neuronal resilience and viability and have the potential for neuroprotection. This article(More)
Bioluminescent flashing is essential for firefly reproduction, yet the specific molecular mechanisms that control light production are not well understood. We report that light production by fireflies can be stimulated by nitric oxide (NO) gas in the presence of oxygen and that NO scavengers block bioluminescence induced by the neurotransmitter octopamine.(More)
Using rat liver mitochondria we determined that the primary biochemical target for inhibition of mitochondrial bioenergetic function by rhodamine 123 (Rh123) was FoF1-ATPase and that the amount of Rh123 associated with mitochondria is proportional to the mitochondrial membrane potential. Inhibition of coupled respiration by Rh123 in mitochondria isolated(More)
A denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) method is described that detects even single base pair changes in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). In this method, restriction fragments of mtDNA are electrophoresed in a urea/formamide gradient gel at 60 degrees C. Migration distance of each mtDNA fragment in the gel depends on melting behavior which reflects base(More)
This study investigated mitochondrial respiratory activity in Huntington's disease (HD) brain. Mitochondrial membranes from caudate and cortex of HD and non-HD autopsied brains were assayed for succinate oxidation, cytochrome oxidase activity, and cytochromes b, cc1, and aa3. There was a significant decrease in HD caudate mitochondrial respiration,(More)
The effects of dietary mineral levels on caloric intake, nutrient choice, body weight, adipose tissue weight, interscapular brown adipose tissue (IBAT) weight, and thermogenic capacity, and plasma insulin and glucose levels were examined in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. In Experiments 1 and 2, rats were fed a purified diet with zinc (Zn), chromium (Cr),(More)
In light-producing cells (photocytes) of the firefly light organ, mitochondria are clustered in the cell periphery, positioned between the tracheolar air supply and the oxygen-requiring bioluminescent reactants which are sequestered in more centrally-localized peroxisomes. This relative positioning suggests that mitochondria could control oxygen(More)
We studied skeletal muscles from eight chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia patients with ragged-red fibers (group A), five CPEO patients without ragged-red fibers (group B), and five controls. The EM morphometric fraction of structurally abnormal mitochondria was increased in group A, and there was a similarly increased fraction of normal-appearing(More)
Fatal infantile mitochondrial myopathy with lactic acidosis, morphologically abnormal mitochondria, deficient cytochromes aa3 and b, and a Fanconi-like aminoaciduria has been described. We report two infants, second cousins, with a similar fatal mitochondrial disorder, the cytochrome deficiency limited to skeletal muscle in one child and to liver in the(More)