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Miscarriage is a condition that affects 10%-15% of all clinically recognized pregnancies, most of which occur in the first trimester. Approximately 50% of first-trimester miscarriages result from fetal chromosome abnormalities. Currently, G-banded chromosome analysis is used to determine if large-scale genetic imbalances are the cause of these pregnancy(More)
Deletions of 17p13.3, including the LIS1 gene, result in the brain malformation lissencephaly, which is characterized by reduced gyration and cortical thickening; however, the phenotype can vary from isolated lissencephaly sequence (ILS) to Miller-Dieker syndrome (MDS). At the clinical level, these two phenotypes can be differentiated by the presence of(More)
Classical lissencephaly (LIS) and subcortical band heterotopia (SBH) are related cortical malformations secondary to abnormal migration of neurons during early brain development. Approximately 60% of patients with classical LIS, and one patient with atypical SBH have been found to have deletions or mutations of the LIS1 gene, located on 17p13.3. This gene(More)
The subtelomeric regions of human chromosomes are comprised of sequence homologies shared between distinct subsets of chromosomes. In the course of developing a set of unique human telomere clones, we identified many clones containing such shared homologies, characterized by the presence of cross-hybridization signals on one or more telomeres in a(More)
We have identified a female patient with a complex phenotype that includes complete agenesis of the corpus callosum, bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia, and bilateral chorioretinal and iris colobomas. Karyotype analysis revealed an apparently balanced, reciprocal, de novo chromosome translocation t(2;9)(p24;q32). Physical mapping of the(More)
To examine the effects of increased expression of Cx50 in the mouse lens, transgenic mice were generated using a DNA construct containing the human Cx50 coding region and a C-terminal FLAG epitope driven by the chicken betaB1-crystallin promoter. Expression of this protein in paired Xenopus oocytes induced gap junctional currents of similar magnitude to(More)
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