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Two key events occur during the differentiation of IFN-gamma-secreting Th1 cells: up-regulation of IL-12Rbeta2 and IL-12-driven up-regulation of IL-18Ralpha. We previously demonstrated that IL-12-driven up-regulation of IL-18Ralpha expression is severely impaired in IFN-gamma(-/-) mice. However, it was unclear from these studies how IFN-gamma influenced(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta, a pleiotropic cytokine that has multiple effects on immune responses, has been shown to inhibit interleukin (IL)-4/GATA-3 expression as well as T helper 2 (Th2) differentiation. Consistent with these reports, we found that priming T cells from DO11.10 transgenic mice with antigen in the presence of TGF-beta inhibited(More)
Interleukin (IL)-18 has been well characterized as a costimulatory factor for the induction of IL12–mediated interferon (IFN)production by T helper (Th)1 cells, but also can induce IL-4 production and thus facilitate the differentiation of Th2 cells. To determine the mechanisms by which IL-18 might regulate these diametrically distinct immune responses, we(More)
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