June A. Holloway

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Normal postnatal development of the scalp-recorded cochlear microphonic (CM) response and brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) were studied in rat pups. BAEP latencies decreased and amplitudes increased as a function of maturation. These changes occurred rapidly between 14 and 23 days of age with gradual change occurring thereafter. The observed(More)
Rat BAEPs varied significantly as a function of gender and ethanol sedation as well as stimulus intensity and repetition rate. All BAEP wave latencies decreased and amplitudes increased with increasing stimulus intensity. Contrary to the prevailing view, the I-IV interpeak latency changed significantly as a function of stimulus intensity. In terms of(More)
Mononuclear cells in umbilical-cord blood display allergen-specific reactivity, but how allergen exposure occurs in utero is unknown. We investigated the presence of a common inhalant allergen (Der p 1), to which mothers are exposed throughout pregnancy, by ELISA in matched maternal blood and amniotic fluid samples at 16-17 weeks of gestation, and in(More)
The relationship between age, education, length and amount of heavy drinking, and performance on five memory tasks was investigated in 54 chronic alcoholics and 18 age-matched controls. Alcoholics with less than 12 yr of heavy drinking differed reliably from long-term (13-22 yr) and extended long-term drinkers (greater than 23 yr) in recognition memory for(More)
Dose-effect analyses were used to monitor the development of tolerance for ethanol's effects on FR30 operant performance in rats under different conditions of chronic ethanol exposure: (a) pre-session ethanol injections (PRE) vs. post-session ethanol injections (POST) in Experiment 1; and (b) an ethanol liquid diet (ED) vs. a control diet (CD) in Experiment(More)
Previous studies have shown that systemic administration of the opiate antagonist naloxone potentiates the ventilatory response to inspired carbon dioxide. The present study was designed to localize the site of action of naloxone for increasing the respiratory chemosensitivity to inhaled carbon dioxide (CO2) in cats. Naloxone applied topically to the caudal(More)
Physiological investigations have indicated that the ventrolateral surface of the medulla oblongata is involved in the chemical drive to respiration. In this investigation, light and electron microscopic investigations of the 3 chemosensitive regions reveal the following. (1) Evaginations of the ventral surface abut the overlying pia mater thereby(More)
The effects of cortical, hippocampal, and suprachiasmatic (hypothalamic) lesions on forced alcohol consumption, alcohol preference and the distribution of alcohol intake throughout the day were examined in rats. Controls included by hypothalamic sham-operated and unoperated groups. Baseline water intake during light and dark and initial alcohol preference(More)