Learn More
BACKGROUND Oral and maxillofacial surgery has not been benefitting from image guidance techniques owing to the limitations in image registration. METHODS A real-time markerless image registration method is proposed by integrating a shape matching method into a 2D tracking framework. The image registration is performed by matching the patient's teeth model(More)
BACKGROUND This study presents a tracker-less image-mapping framework for surgical navigation motivated by the clinical need for intuitive visual guidance during minimally invasive fetoscopic surgery. METHODS A navigation framework mapping 2D endoscopic vision to a 3D ultrasound image model is proposed. This maps an endoscopic image onto a 3D placenta(More)
Computer-assisted oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) has been rapidly evolving since the last decade. State-of-the-art surgical navigation in OMS still suffers from bulky tracking sensors, troublesome image registration procedures, patient movement, loss of depth perception in visual guidance, and low navigation accuracy. We present an augmented reality(More)
BACKGROUND It is tedious and difficult to position a flexible catheter in a target vessel branch within complicated-shaped vessels owing to the lack of real-time visual feedback. Digital subtraction angiography and fluoroscopic guidance are currently used for catheter placement. METHODS The proposed method employs an electromagnetic (EM) tracking system(More)
Trypanosoma brucei protein arginine methyltransferase 7 (TbPRMT7) exclusively generates monomethylarginine (MMA), which directs biological consequences distinct from that of symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA). However, determinants controlling the strict monomethylation activity are unknown. We present the crystal(More)
High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a promising technique for cancer treatment owing to its minimal invasiveness and safety. However, skin burn, long treatment time and incomplete ablation are main shortcomings of this method. This paper presents a novel HIFU robotic system for breast cancer treatment. The robot has 4 rotational degrees of freedom(More)
Autostereoscopic 3D image overlay for augmented reality (AR) based surgical navigation has been studied and reported many times. For the purpose of surgical overlay, the 3D image is expected to have the same geometric shape as the original organ, and can be transformed to a specified location for image overlay. However, how to generate a 3D image with high(More)
Surgical navigation technology directed at fetoscopic procedures is relatively underdeveloped compared with other forms of endoscopy. The narrow fetoscopic field of views and the vast vascular network on the placenta make examination and photocoagulation treatment of twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome challenging. Though ultrasonography is used for(More)