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Broadcast is an essential and widely used operation in multihop wireless networks. Minimum latency broadcast scheduling (MLBS) aims to find a collision-free scheduling for broadcast with the minimum latency. Previous work on MLBS mostly assumes that nodes are always active, and, thus, is not suitable for duty-cycled scenarios. In this paper, we investigate(More)
—Sleep scheduling is a widely used mechanism in wireless sensor networks (WSNs) to reduce the energy consumption since it can save the energy wastage caused by the idle listening state. In a traditional sleep scheduling, however, sensors have to start up numerous times in a period, and thus consume extra energy due to the state transitions. The objective of(More)
Target tracking is a typical and important application of wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In the consideration of scalability and energy efficiency for target tracking in large scale WSNs, it has been employed as an effective solution by organizing the WSNs into clusters. However, tracking a moving target in cluster-based WSNs suffers the boundary problem(More)
In wireless ad-hoc sensor networks, an important issue often faced in geographic greedy forwarding routing is the "local minimum phenomenon" which is caused by deployment holes and blocks the forwarding process. In this paper, we provide a new information model for the geographic greedy forwarding routing that only forwards the packet within the so-called(More)
Previous study showed high ash content in wastewater algae (WA) has a negative effect on bio-crude oil formation in hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL). This study explored the effect of different pretreatments on ash reduction and the thermal decomposition of WA. Single-stage (e.g. centrifugation) and two-stage pretreatments (e.g. centrifugation followed by(More)
Thin film supercapacitors were fabricated using printable materials to make flexible devices on plastic. The active electrodes were made from sprayed networks of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) serving as both electrodes and charge collectors. Using a printable aqueous gel electrolyte as well as an organic liquid electrolyte, the performances of the(More)
Broadcast is an essential and widely-used operation in multi-hop wireless networks. Minimum latency broadcast scheduling (MLBS) aims to provide a collision-free scheduling for broadcast with the minimum latency. Previous work on MLBS mostly assumes that nodes are always active, and thus is not suitable for duty-cycle-aware scenarios. In this paper, we(More)
In underwater sensor networks (UWSNs), acoustic communication is commonly used unlike that in terrestrial wireless networks. The long propagation delay of acoustic signals causes spatio-temporal uncertainty, which makes the link scheduling in UWSNs a challenging problem. To describe the propagation delays of the transmission links and deal with the(More)
Recent advances in wireless networking technologies, along with ubiquitous sensing and computing, have brought significant convenience for location service. The localization issue in wireless sensor networks under the non-adversarial scenario has already been well studied. However, most existing localization schemes cannot provide satisfied location service(More)