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Denitrifying bacteria accumulate [Formula: see text], NO, and N2O, the amounts depending on transcriptional regulation of core denitrification genes in response to O2-limiting conditions. The genes include nar, nir, nor and nosZ, encoding [Formula: see text]-, [Formula: see text]-, NO- and N2O reductase, respectively. We previously constructed a dynamic(More)
In response to impending anoxic conditions, denitrifying bacteria sustain respiratory metabolism by producing enzymes for reducing nitrogen oxyanions/-oxides (NOx) to N2 (denitrification). Since denitrifying bacteria are non-fermentative, the initial production of denitrification proteome depends on energy from aerobic respiration. Thus, if a cell fails to(More)
Homeostatic control of nitric oxide (NO) at nanomolar concentrations appears common among denitrifying bacteria, often ascribed to synchronized expression of nitrite and nitric oxide reductase (Nir and Nor). We questioned whether this is sufficient: using the reported substrate affinities for cytochrome cd1 nitrite reductase (cNor), our model of batch(More)
The present study undertakes a partial system dynamics (SD) translation of the contemporary biological and psychological conceptualizations of panic disorder (PD). It makes explicit the dynamic processes implicit in the narrative presentations in the literature. It serves as a facilitator for the discussion about PD for it provides an easy-to-understand and(More)
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