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Statins suppress expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in endothelial cells, whereas they enhance it in immune cells. Pro-inflammatory cytokines and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induce matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 gene expression in macrophages, which has been linked to progress of various inflammatory diseases. The aim of this study was to identify(More)
Abnormal degradation of matrix components due to dysregulated expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in macrophages has been linked to progression of acute cerebral ischemia and atherosclerosis. We report that lithium chloride (LiCl) or CHIR99021, inhibitors of Wnt signaling pathway, enhance phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase-3beta and(More)
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