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BACKGROUND The pathogenic role of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the incisional pain is poorly understood. The present study explores the role of the BDNF in the incision-induced pain hypersensitivity. METHODS A longitudinal incision was made in one plantar hind paw of isoflurane-anesthetized rats. Dorsal root ganglias (DRG) and spinal cords(More)
AIMS Endothelial cell injury induced by inflammatory factors plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of numerous vascular diseases. MicroRNAs are well known to be implicated in cell proliferation and apoptosis in inflammatory responses; however, it remains to be determined whether microRNAs are associated with tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-α-mediated(More)
Reperfusion injury is tissue damage caused by the re-supply of blood following a period of ischemia in tissues. Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is an extremely common clinical event associated with distant organ injury. The intestine serves as the initial organ of multi-system organ dysfunction syndrome. It is extremely important to identify a(More)
OBJECTIVES The incidence of fentanyl-induced cough (FIC) during induction of general anesthesia varies around 40% and is undesirable. It increases intracranial, intraocular, and intra-abdominal pressures. This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the effect of dexmedetomidine (DEX) pretreatment on the incidence and(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal anesthesia (SA) is usually associated with hypotension in pregnant women. We sought to assess the influence of various maternal positions on SA-induced hypotension MATERIAL/METHODS The study population comprised 99 women at full-term gestation scheduled for elective cesarean section. They were randomized into 3 equal groups: the LL(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate, in a rabbit model, the cardioprotective effect of morphine preconditioning against cardiac remodelling. METHODS AND RESULTS In male New Zealand rabbits myocardial I/R injury was established by ligating the left descending coronary artery followed by perfusion. The rabbits were randomly divided(More)
Opioid addiction is a major social, economic, and medical problem worldwide. Long-term adverse consequences of chronic opiate exposure not only involve the individuals themselves but also their offspring. Adolescent maternal morphine exposure results in behavior and morphologic changes in the brain of their adult offspring. However, few studies investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Pretreatment with the angiotensin-converting inhibitor captopril or volatile anesthetic isoflurane has, respectively, been shown to attenuate myocardial ischemia reperfusion (MI/R) injury in rodents and in patients. It is unknown whether or not captopril pretreatment and isoflurane preconditioning (Iso) may additively or synergistically attenuate(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that increased leukotriene level and receptor protein expression emerged in the adenotonsillar tissue of children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Nevertheless, few studies have investigated the contribution of disease severity in the cysteinyl leukotriene (CysLT) production and cysteinyl leukotriene receptor (CysLTR)(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the role of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) in the pathogenesis of pulmonary artery hypertension, we observed the dynamic expression of TGF-β1 and CTGF in rats with high blood flow. METHODS Fifty adult male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: a sham group (group S) and groups(More)