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We compared the responsiveness of a neural firing pacemaker in different dynamic states during the process of period-adding bifurcation to excitatory and inhibitory electrical field stimulus. In the region far from the bifurcation point, with the increase of the intensity of excitatory stimulus, the firing rate increased in an approximately linear manner(More)
High-voltage spindles (HVSs) have been reported to appear spontaneously and widely in the cortical-basal ganglia networks of rats. Our previous study showed that dopamine depletion can significantly increase the power and coherence of HVSs in the globus pallidus (GP) and motor cortex of freely moving rats. However, it is unclear whether dopamine regulates(More)
Oscillation activities are the feature of neural network and correlated to different physiological states. The theta (θ) oscillation (2–7 Hz) has been reported in the basal ganglia, and the intrinsic resonance properties of individual neurons have provided a basis for this network oscillation. The basal ganglia neurons receive comprehensive modulation(More)
Patch-clamp recordings were made from retinal ganglion cells in the mouse retina. Under dark adaptation, blockage of BK(Ca) channels increases the spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) and light-evoked On-EPSCs, while it decreases the light-evoked Off inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs). However, under light adaptation it decreases the(More)
Two fluorescent chemosensors for cadmium ions, 2-(2-formylquinolin-8-yloxy)-N,N-diisopropylacetamide (FQDIPA) and 2-(2-formylquinolin-8-yloxy)-N,N-diphenylacetamide (FQDPA), were first assessed in 99% aqueous solutions. The sensor FQDIPA with an end group of an aliphatic amine can recognize Cd(2+) from other metal ions more selectively and sensitively than(More)
The oscillatory activity in the basal ganglia is believed to have an important function, but little is known about its actual mechanisms. We studied the resonance characteristics of subthalamic nucleus (STN) neurons and their ionic mechanisms using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings in rat brain slices. A swept-sine-wave current with constant amplitude and(More)
Noise can play a constructive role in the detection of weak signals in various kinds of peripheral receptors and neurons. What the mechanism underlying the effect of noise is remains unclear. Here, the perforated patch-clamp technique was used on isolated cells from chronic compression of the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) model. Our data provided new insight(More)
Speckle noise usually occurs in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images , and SAR data is processed coherently. Speckle filters commonly are adaptive filters using local statistics such as mean and standard deviation, such as the Lee and its enhanced filters and median filter. They adapt the filter coefficients based on data within a fixed moving window, and(More)
In-depth understanding of the activation mechanism in asymmetric organocatalysis is of great importance for rational development of highly efficient catalytic systems. In this Article, the mechanism for the direct vinylogous Michael reaction of α,β-unsaturated γ-butyrolactam (Nu) and chalcone (EI) catalyzed by the bifunctional cinchona alkaloid thiourea(More)
Studies on patients with Parkinson's disease and in animal models have observed enhanced synchronization of oscillations in several frequency bands within and between the cortical-basal ganglia (BG) structures. Recent research has also shown that synchronization of high-voltage spindles (HVSs) in the cortex, striatum and substantia nigra pars reticulate is(More)