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BACKGROUND To investigate the potential of serum miRNAs as biomarkers for early detection of gastric cancer (GC), a population-based study was conducted in Linqu, a high-risk area of GC in China. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS All subjects were selected from two large cohort studies. Differential miRNAs were identified in serum pools of GC and control(More)
PURPOSE Inactivation of p16 by aberrant methylation of CpG islands is a frequent event in carcinomas and precancerous lesions of various organs, including the stomach. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between p16 methylation and malignant transformation of human gastric dysplasia (DYS) based on follow-up endoscopic screening in a(More)
Base excision repair pathway may play an important role in repairing DNA damage related to Helicobacter pylori-induced inflammatory process. To evaluate the association between genetic polymorphisms of X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1, Arg194Trp and Arg399Gln), adenosine diphosphate ribosyl transferase (ADPRT, Val762Ala), 8-oxoguanine DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic polymorphisms of Toll-like receptors (TLR) may influence the outcome of Helicobacter pylori infection and play important roles in gastric carcinogenesis. To screen the genetic variants of TLR2 and TLR5, and evaluate their associations with gastric cancer (GC) and its precursors, a population-based study was conducted in Linqu County,(More)
BACKGROUND Although Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common human bacterial infections worldwide, its mode of transmission is unclear. METHODS To investigate possible associations between H. pylori infection and demographic, lifestyle, and environmental factors in a rural Chinese population, a cross-sectional survey was administered to 3288 adults(More)
Among 2258 Helicobacter pylori-seropositive subjects randomly assigned to receive one-time H. pylori treatment with amoxicillin-omeprazole or its placebo, we evaluated the 15-year effect of treatment on gastric cancer incidence and mortality in subgroups defined by age, baseline gastric histopathology, and post-treatment infection status. We used(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in various human diseases. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in inflammation-related miRNA may play an important role in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-induced gastric lesions. To evaluate the associations between miRNA SNPs, H. pylori and gastric lesions, a population-based study was conducted in(More)
PURPOSE To investigate Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) associated genome-wide aberrant methylation patterns in gastric mucosa and blood leukocyte DNA, a population-based study was conducted in Linqu County. RESULTS A total of 3000 and 386 CpGs were differentially methylated after successful H.pylori eradication in gastric mucosa and blood leukocyte DNA(More)
Methylation is a common epigenetic modification which may play a crucial role in cancer development. To investigate the association between methylation of COX-2 in blood leukocyte DNA and risk of gastric cancer (GC), a nested case–control study was conducted in Linqu County, Shandong Province, a high risk area of GC in China. Association between blood(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic variants of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-containing protein (NOD) may influence the outcome of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and gastric carcinogenesis. To explore genetic variants of NOD1 and NOD2 in association with gastric cancer (GC) and its precursors, a population-based study was conducted in Linqu County,(More)