Jun-ichiro Jo

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The feasibility and mechanism of gene delivery by pullulan-spermine, a recently developed cationic polysaccharide, were investigated. Pullulan-spermine-mediated transfection of plasmid DNA resulted in greatly reduced cytotoxicity and a 10-fold increase in the level of gene expression when compared to Lipofectamine 2000, a commercially available cationic(More)
It is expected that mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) will be a cell source for cardiac reconstruction because of their differentiation potential and ability to supply growth factors. However, poor viability at the transplanted site often hinders the therapeutic potential of MSCs. Here, in a trial designed to address this problem, a non-viral carrier of(More)
The objective of this study is to prepare iron oxide nanoparticles with different sizes and surface potentials and evaluate the labeling efficiency of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC). The ferric and ferrous ions were co-precipitated in the presence of pullulan or the cationized and anionized derivatives to prepare iron oxide-pullulan(More)
Theranostics means a therapy conducted in a diagnosis-guided manner. For theranostics of solid tumors by means of ultrasound, we designed a nano-sized emulsion containing perfluoropentane (PFC5). This emulsion can be delivered into tumor tissues through the tumor vasculatures owing to its nano-size, and the emulsion is transformed into a micron-sized bubble(More)
Autoimmune alopecia (alopecia areata) is considered to be triggered by a collapse of immune privilege in hair follicles. Here we confirmed that infiltrating CD4 T lymphocytes around hair follicles of patients with alopecia areata were primarily CCR5-positive with few CCR4-positive cells, suggesting a dominant role of Th1 cells in the alopecic lesion. Given(More)
Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a common and devastating malformation. Although fetal surgical closure may improve outcome, a less invasive approach that can be applied earlier in gestation is desirable. The objective of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic feasibility of a tissue engineering approach for prenatal coverage of MMC. A gelatin hydrogel(More)
Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a common and devastating malformation. As an alternative to fetal surgical repair, tissue engineering has the potential to provide a less invasive approach for tissue coverage applicable at an earlier stage of gestation. We have previously evaluated the use of gelatin hydrogel composites composed of gelatin sponges and sheets as a(More)
The recent rapid progress of molecular biology together with the steady progress of genome projects has given us some essential and revolutionary information about DNA and RNA to elucidate various biological phenomena at a genetic level. Under these circumstances, the technology and methodology of gene transfection have become more and more important to(More)
This study is undertaken to design a novel nano-sized delivery system of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) which has a suppressed thrombolytic activity of t-PA, but recovered the activity only when exposed to ultrasound. Various amounts of ethylenediamine were chemically introduced into gelatin (cationized gelatins) to complex with t-PA. To modify(More)
A new non-viral method of gene transfection was designed to enhance the level of gene expression for rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Pullulan was cationized using chemical introduction of spermine to prepare cationized pullulan of non-viral carrier (spermine-pullulan). The spermine-pullulan was complexed with a plasmid deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of(More)