Jun-ichi Yamashita

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Interaction between endothelial cells and mural cells (pericytes and vascular smooth muscle) is essential for vascular development and maintenance. Endothelial cells arise from Flk1-expressing (Flk1+) mesoderm cells, whereas mural cells are believed to derive from mesoderm, neural crest or epicardial cells and migrate to form the vessel wall. Difficulty in(More)
We demonstrated endothelial production of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), the third member of the natriuretic peptide family, and its regulation by cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha). We thus proposed that CNP can control vascular tone and growth as an endothelium-derived relaxing peptide. We also revealed the marked elevation of(More)
The immunohistochemical expression of c-kit proto-oncogene product in 57 breast cancer tissues was studied using anti-c-kit proto-oncogene product antibody in comparison with 20 normal breast tissues and 58 benign breast tumours. In normal breast tissues, the c-kit proto-oncogene product was strongly expressed on cell membrane and/or cytoplasm of alveolar(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted a prospective study of 103 consecutive patients with non-small cell lung cancer who underwent a curative lobectomy to test whether circulating tumor cells detected in the peripheral blood by means of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction of carcinoembryonic antigen messenger RNA is a prognostic indicator independent of tumor(More)
OBJECTIVE We prospectively tested whether circulating tumor cells can be found in the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative peripheral blood of patients with resectable non-small cell lung cancer who undergo video-assisted lobectomy. METHODS We assayed for carcinoembryonic antigen messenger RNA (mRNA) by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain(More)
Breast cancer cells are known to express various proteolytic enzymes, which make them invasive and favour their dissemination to distant sites. However, it is unclear whether breast cancer cells have the ability to produce polymorphonuclear leucocyte elastase (PMN-E). We measured immunoreactive (ir) PMN-E content in the conditioned medium of two breast(More)
Membrane-associated phospholipase A2 (M-PLA2) is an enzyme that hydrolyses the sn-2 fatty acyl ester bond of phosphoglycerides. We measured M-PLA2 concentration in tissue extracts from 325 human breast cancers using a specific radioimmunoassay recently developed. Correlation analyses between the tissue concentration of M-PLA2 and clinicopathological factors(More)
Plasminogen activator (PA) is a serine protease existing in two forms known as tissue-type (t-PA) and urokinase-type (u-PA). To examine whether PA is related to the postoperative clinical course of human breast cancer, total PA activity, t-PA activity, u-PA activity, and immunoreactive t-PA were determined in tissue extracts from 144 breast cancer(More)
Plasminogen activator (PA) is a serine protease which exists in two forms: tissue-type (t-PA) and urokinase-type (u-PA). The total PA activity was measured in tumour extracts of 235 breast cancer patients who were followed for a median of 8.5 years after surgery. Patients were initially divided into three groups with low (< 60 units mg-1 protein),(More)
Hormonal regulation of plasminogen activator expression in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA)--induced rat mammary carcinomas was studied both in vivo and in vitro and was compared to that in DMBA-mammary dysplasia induced in neonatally androgenised rats. The plasminogen activator activity in DMBA-mammary carcinomas, but not in DMBA-mammary dysplasia,(More)
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